Skip to main content

Full text of "The right joyous and pleasant history of the feats, gests, and prowesses of the Chevalier Bayard, the good knight without fear and without reproach"

See other formats


This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 

to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 

to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 

are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other maiginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 

publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing tliis resource, we liave taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 
We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain fivm automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attributionTht GoogXt "watermark" you see on each file is essential for in forming people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liabili^ can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at |http: //books .google .com/I 





1838 TO 1839 


/ ( 


. H.. 








L N p N ; 






1 Pi G 

— ^ 







VOL. I. 




Pierre Terrail or du Terrail, ki)own by the 
name of Bayard^ and surnamed Le Chevalier 
sans^peur et sans reproche, was born in 1476, at 
the Castle of Bayard in Dauphiny, The pedigree 
of the Lords of Terrail is not presented to the 
reader, as their House is no longer in existence : 
suffice it to say that it was allied to all that was 
great and illustrious both in Dauphiny and in the 
neighbouring provinces. The reader who would 
be interested in further details, may consult the 
last editions of Moreri, or the genealogical table 
of the House of Terrail, inserted by the President 
Expilly in the Supplement to the History of 

The wounds which Aymon Terrail, father of 
the Chevalier, received in defending his country, 
obliged him to quit the service. He died in 1496, 



leaving, by his marriage with Helene AUeman^ or 
des Allemans^ four sons and four daughters, 

Georges, the eldest, married Jeanne d'Arvillars, 
and had by her a daughter, who appointed her 
mother her general legatee* Pierre, Aymon's 
second son, is the subject of the present History. 
The third became Abbot of Josaphat, near 
Chartres, and the fourth was promoted to the 
Bishoprick of Glandeves. 

Of the daughters two embraced the monastic 
state ; another was married to Jacques Dupont, 
Lord of Aly in Savoy, and the yoimgest to 
Antoine de Theis, Lord of La Blayette* 

Were not the Chevalier Bayard one of those 
extraordinary men of whom the annals of all 
nations furnish few examples, it would only be 
necessary to say that he was page to Louis de 
Luxembourg, Count of Ligny ; that he was raised 
by that Lord to the rank of gendarm in his com- 
pany ;. that Lewis XII. named him Captain of a 
thousand foot ; that he was appointed Lieutenant 
General of Dauphiny; finally, that Francis I. 
made him a Knight of his Order of St. Michel, 
and gave him a company of an hundred of his 
ordinary men at arms : the enumeration of these 
different military degrees would doubtless suffice 


to honour the memory of a distinguished soldiea*, 
but it is not enough for that of Bayard. An 
accomplished Knight at an epoch when chivalry 
was daily degenerating; bom to be the ornament 
of any time or country in which he might have 
lived ; esteemed, beloved, and feared by nations 
hostile to France; qualified in all respects to 
command armies, yet haying always served under 
others without betraying either sj^en or jealousy ; 
constantly advised with by the ablest generals ; 
in councils winning every one to his opinioB, 
because he was neither presumptuous nor severe; 
cheerfully undertaking the most hazardous expe- 
ditions, though he knew that his chiefs would 
enjoy all the credit pf them ; never seeking any 

thing but the good of the state; such was 

Bayard. His mind was early imbued with the 
principles of a morality as sane as it was pro- 
foundly reflective. A Gentleman asked him, 
'* What goods ought the noble man to leave to 
his children ?" " Those which fear neither rain, 
nor storm, nor the power of man, nor human 
justice," replied Bayard ; " wisdom and virtue." 

He often repeated that " the best Lordship a 
Gentleman can have is to be connected with vir- 
tuous persons. The greatest misfortune for a 


Lord/' added he, ** is to be surrounded by vicious 
and ignorant men, seeing that there is nothing so 
dangerous as boldness and power accompanied 
by lack of knowledge." 

In an age when the amusements of the nobility 
' presented therough image of war, Bayard, proud 
to be the defendant of a sex he adored, appeared 
as formidable by his skiUin those games which 
were graced by a respectful gallantry, as ih the 
midst of the most bloody combats: the Lady 
whose colours he wore might repose her honour 
upon the loyalty pf her Knight alone, by whom 
the laws of courtesy were obeyed with reUgious 
care. Modesty and innocence never implored his 
protection in vain: it may even be said that the 
prayers of weeping beauty were to him supreme 
commands. Wherever he saw virtue struggling 
-with misfortune he deemed it an honour to stretch 
forth the hand of succour. Indigent nobility had 
the highest claim to his benefits ; and it was not 
known till hia death of what numbers of families 
he had been the support. 

How often did he groan over the fate of those 
unhappy victims of the quarrels of sovereigns, 
who, peacefully employed in agriculture, and 
obtaining no share in the glory of a brilliant con- 


quest, are alone sacrificed in their possessions, 
and often in their honoinr, to the ambition and 
cupidity of an unjust and cruel soldier! After 
the campaign of 1521, he returned to Grenoble. 
The command of this town had been intrusted to 
him, and a pestilential disease made dreadful 
ravages there. The Knight without fear and 
without reproach thought it not enough that the 
poor, infected with the contagion, should receive 
medical aid at his expense ; his beneficence would 
not lose sight of them till it was ascertained that 
they had regained health and strength sufficient 
to supply their necessities. So long as he was a 
gendarm all his companions had in him a brother 
and a friend ; advanced to distinguished stations 
he became a father to them, and if ever he 
desired wealth it was but to share it with them. 
Intrepid in action, he never wanted presence of 
mind when it was needful either to foresee danger, 
or devise the means of escaping it. So well known 
were his modesty, his talents, his zeal for the 
public welfare, that men, his superiors in rank, or 
semors in respect to th^ date of their services, 
deemed it no humiliation to fight under his orders. 
. Contemporary as he was with Xa Tremouille, 
liouis d'Ars, Chaumont d'Amboise, d'Aubigny, 


Chabannes^ and many other celebrated officers, 
their reputations eclipsed not his. Most of them 
were at the head of armies : he never commanded 
in chief except at the defence of M^zi^res ; he 
knew that by dint of solicitation only are men 
advanced at the courts of Princes, and his pride 
would never bend to the suppleness of intrigue. 
Yet had he solicited. Bayard would not have been 
refused. Kings, courtiers, ministers, all respected, 
because they knew how to appreciate him; but, 
satisfied with being useful to his master, he 
modestly hastened to .place himself under the 
banners of the General that was pointed out to 
him, and such was the effect of his presence that 
it seemed to exalt the courage of the soldiers and 
the capacity of the General. So thought young 
Gaston de Foix, whom death snatched away 
covered with laurels at an age when others can 
only hope to gather them. 

Let it not be forgotten that Bayard was one of 
those officers who, in the reign of Lewis XII., 
contributed to form a national infantry in France. 
It had previously been composed of none but 
foreigners ; Bayard, who, tike his sovereign, had 
calculated the advantages of this establishment. 


devoted himself to a kind of service which habit 
and prejudice militated against. 

Never did the opinion that was entertained of 
his experience manifest itself more clearly than at 
the moment when his being shut up in Mezieres 
became publicly known. No one then doubted 
of the preservation of that town. Among the 
Lords who flew to share the danger^ it is proper 
to distinguish Anne de Montmorency, afterward 
Constable, and at that time Captain of a company 
of gendarms; " I account it an honour/' said he, 
on presenting himself, *' to serve under so great 
and so renowned a leader.'' 

Bayard must questionless have been highly flat- 
tered when at Marignano he conferred the Order 
of Knighthood on Francis I. But that monarch 
testified the esteem with which he honoured him 
in a far more expressive manner when, on hearing 
Ihe news of his death, he exclaimed : " Knight 
Bayard, what a loss shall I sustain in you !" This 
loss he learned to estimate still better in process 
of time. Oppressed with grief and disquietude 
during his captivity, he said to Montchenu, his 
head steward : ** Had Bayard, who was valiant 
and experienced, been aUve and near me my 
affairs would doubtless have taken a better turn : 


I should have listened to his counsels: Ah! I 
should not have been here now !" 

Bayard's courage never forsook him. Mortally 
wounded in the retreat from Romagnano he would 
not suffer his companions to carry him away, as 
they were preparing to do : " having never 
turned his back to the enemy he was resolved not 
to begin now he was a-dying." Afterward, ad- 
dressing himself to Jacques Jouffrey, Gentleman 
of S. Chef in Dauphiny, " Let me," said he, " be 
laid down at the foot of this tree, and place me so 
that I may have my face to the enemy." 

Thus died Bayard, mourned by his friends, by 
the whole army, and by all France. Pass we now 
to his history. 

The person who composed it is only known by 
the tiame of the Loyal Servant ; and that he was 
Bayard's Secretary is all that can be ascertained 
concerning him. This history appeared in 1527, 
under the title of La trh-joyeuse and plaisante 
histoirey composee par le Loyal Serviteur, des 
fattSy gesteSy et prouesses du bon Chevalier sans 
peur et sans reproche. In 1616 Theodore Gode- 
froy published an edition in quarto, with remarks 
and annotations. In 1650 a new one appeared 
at Grenoble, which the President de Boissieu, 


a descendant by the female line of the House of 
Terrail, published under the name of Louis 
Videl, Secretary of the Constable Lesdiguieres^ 

So celebrated a name as that of Bayard could 
not but inspire more than one writer with a desire 
of devoting their pens to his service. The phy- 
sician Symphorien Champier^ who boasted him- 
self connected by his wife with the family of Ter- 
rail^ published a Life of Bayard in 15^5. The 
advocate Aymar wrote the History of this Captain 
in 1699; but these works^ interlarded with 
romantic adventures^ contain only a part of the 
actions of their hero. Two writers of the 
eighteenth century have also given us histories of 
Bayard; Lazare Bocquillot/ who assumed the* 
name of Prior of Lonval, iand Guyard de BerviUe. 
There is no need to pronounce upon the merits of 
these works^ but one observation may be made 
which will extend to both : the libraries of France 
contain a number of ancient works which^ spite of 
the defects of an obsolete style, of vicious con- 
structions, and expressions' proscribed by custom, 
possess a charm that the efforts of modern good 
taste can never compensate. Of this number is 
the present history of Bayard. 

Ever Uvely, ever pleasant, ever equal, the Loyal 





Servant is so possessed with the spirit of his 
master, and has so naturally transcribed that ori- 
ginal naivete which characterized him, that at 
every page the reader sees Bayard, hears, and 
converses with him. The merit of this history, 
however, is sufficiently evidenced by the reputa- 
tion it enjoys.* " I wish," said one of our old 
French moralists to his son, '^ the Life of Bayard 
to be the first history you read, and give me an 
account of. Try to imitate that hero as far as 
you are able. None but a good copy can be 
made of so wondrous an original. If you cannot 
attain to his vidour, which is not to be rivalled, 
be faithful to your Prince, and courteous like 
him." " In the work of the Loyal Servant," re- 
marks M. Gaillard in his History of Francis I., 
^^ the soul of the hero seems to contain all the 
virtues without any mixture of defects. One 
might believe, either that the author has been 
blinded by his zeal, or that he was desirous of 
presenting mankind with a chimerical and inimi* 
table model, were not his account confirmed by 
that of all contemporary historians. Frenchmen or 

* Extract from the Testajnent, or Faithful Counsels of a good 
father to his duldren, by P. Fortin, Sieur de la Hoguette. 


The Translation now offered to the public has 
been made fron^Godefroy's Edition; the Preface 
and Notes are taken from that of 1786^ in the 
General Collection of Memoirs relative to the 
History of France. 





Haw the Lord qf Bayard, father of the good Knight without 
fear and without reproach, wished to learn from his chil- 
dren of what 'profession they would-be. 

In the country of Dauphiny, which the King of 
France at present possesses, as his predecessors 
have done for seven or eight score years, since 
Humbert, the last Dauphin, made it over to them 
by way of gift, are many good and great Houses 
of Gentlemen, whence such a number of noble and 
virtuous Knights have issued that their fame is 
spread throughout all Christendom. Insomuch 
that, as scarfet is the most excellent of all hues of 

VOL. I. B 


cloth, without disparaging the nobility of other 
lands^ the Dauphinese have been called, by all 
who had any knowledge of them, the Scarlet of 
the Gentlemen of France. Among which Houses 
is that of Bayard, of ancient and noble extraction, 
as by those who have come of it hath been 
clearly demonstrated. For at the battle of Poic- 
tiers the great great grandfather of the good 
Knight without fear and without reproach died 
at the feet of King John of France. At the battle 
of Cressy his great grandfather was slain. At 
the battle of Montlehery his grandfather remained 
on the field with six mortal wounds, beside others: 
and at that of Guineguaste his father was so badly 
wounded, that he could never after leave his own 
house, where he died full eighty years of age. A 
few days before his decease, considering that, by 
nature, which already began to fail in him» he could 
make no long sojourning in this, mortal state> he 
called four children that he had, into the presence 
of bis wife, a very godly and devout Lady, sister to 
the Bishop of Grenoble, of the hou^e of the Aik- 
mans. His children having appeared before.him^ he. 
asked the eldest, who was about eighteen or twenty 
years old, what he wished to be. He replied, tlia.t 
his desire was never to leave the house, but to serve 


him at the end of his days. " Very weU, George/' 
said the father, " since thou lovest the house, thou 
shalt stay here to fight the bear§." The second, 
which was the good Knight without fear and 
without reproach, a lad about thirteen years of 
age or little more, blithe as a lark, and of a laugh- 
ing countenance, being asked what calling he 
should prefer, replied, as though he were fifty 
years old : " My Lord and father, although filial 
piety maketh it a bounden duty in me to forego 
all things for the sake of serving you at the end 
of your life, nevertheless, so deeply graven in my 
heart are the good discourses wiich you daily 
hold respecting the noble men of times past, espe- 
cially those of our House, that I am resolved, if it 
be your plciasure, to embrace that profession which 
you and your predecessors have been of, the pro- 
fession of arms ; for this is the thing which I most 
affect, and I hope, with the grace of God, to do 
you no dishonour." Then the good old man 
rephed weeping ; " My child, God grant that it 
may be so ! In countenance and figure thou 
already resemblest thy grandfather, who was in 
his time one of the best Knights in Christendom. 
I will therefore take care to put thee in a way of 
obtaining thy desire." Of the third he inquired 



what way of life he chose to enter upon, who 
replied^ that he inclined to that of his uncle, the 
Lord of Esnay, an abbey near Lyons. His 
father gave him leave to follow his inclination, 
and sent him by a kinsman of his to his said 
uncle, who made him a monk, and afterwards, by 
means of the good Knight his brother, he became 
Abbot of Josaphat in the suburbs of Chartres. 
The youngest replied in the same way, that he 
was desirous of being as his uncle, my Lord of 
Grenoble, to whom he was likewise given, and 
by him made Canon of Notre Dame; and after- 
wards, by the same means that his brother the 
monk became an Abbot, did he become Bishop of 
Glandesve in Provence. Now let us leave the 
other three brothers, and return to the history of 
the good Knight without fear and without re- 
proach, and of the way in which his father 
managed his affair. 



How the father of the good Knight xvithoutfear and without 
reproach sent for his brother-in-law, the Bishop of Gre-^ 
noble, in order to confer with htm, because he could not 
leave his own house. 

After the discourse held by the father of the 
good Knight to his four children, by reason that he 
.was no longer able to ride on horseback, he sent 
one of his servants the next day, to Grenoble, to 
request of the Bishop, his brother-in-law, that he 
would be pleased to transport himself to his house 
of Bayard, distant from the said Grenoble five or 
six leagues, he having some things to communicate 
to him: which the good Bishop, who was never in 
his life indisposed to do any one a pleasure, com- 
plied with right willingly. He departed therefore, 
immediately upon receipt of the letter, and came 
to spend the night at the house of Bayard, where 
he found his brother-in-law sitting in a chair near 
the fire, as people of his age are commonly wont to 
do. Having interchanged greetings, they passed 


that evening as pleasantly as possible in one an- 
other's company, and in that of divers Gentlemen 
who were assembled there. Then in due season 
they retired, each to his chamber, and took their 
repose till the next morning, when they got up, and 
heard mass chanted by ^;he Bishbp of Grenoble. 
For he said mass every day, and with right 
good will, unless he were prevented by sickness. 
Would to God that the prelates of these times 
were as good servants of the Lord, and as charitable 
to the poor, as he was in his day ! 

Divine service being ended, they washed their 
hands and sat down to table, where immediately 
every one made excellent cheer, and the good 
Knight waited upon them so discreetly and pro- 
perly, that every one spoke well of him. At the 
end of the dinner, after grace had been said, the 
good old man, , Lord of Bayard, began thus to 
address all the company. " My Lord, and you, 
Gentlemen, it is time to declare the occasion of my 
having you called hither : for you are my relations 
and friends, and I am^ as you see, worn out with 
age, insomuch that it is scarce possible for me to 
live two years longer. Grod hath given me four 
sons, of each of whom I have inquired what way of 
life he wishes to pursue : among the rest my son 


Peter hath told me that he desires to embrace the 
profession of anns^ whereby he hath given ttie ex- 
ceeding pleasure. For he entirely resembles in 
his outward make^ my late Lord and father your 
kisrisn^n ; and if in disposition he will also resem- 
ble him^ it is impossible that he should not become 
a great and good man ; which I believe every one 
©f you, as my worthy friends and relations, would 
be heartily rejoiced at. It-is necessary that I should 
place him at his outset in the House of some Prince 
or Lord, in order that he may learn to conduct 
himself properly, and when he is a little older he 
shall be instructed in the profession of arms. I 
therefore pray you> that you will all give me 
counsel, each in his turn, what House I may best 
stablish him in." 

Then said one of the most ancient of the 
Gentlemen, " He must be sent to the King of 
France." Another observed that he would do very 
well in the House of Bourbon. And thus, from 
one to the other^ there was none anlong them thai 
delivered not his opinion. But the Bishop of Gre- 
noble spoke, aiid said : " My brother, you know 
that a close friendship subsists. between us and 
Charles, Duke of Savoy, and he reckons us of the 
number of his good servants. I believe that he 


will take him with pleasure for one of his pages. 
He is at Chamberry, near this place. If it seem 
good to you and to the company, I will take him 
thither to-morrow mornings after having put him in 
proper trim, and furnished him with a good little 
horse, which I got three or four days since of the 
Lord of Riage." 

The proposal of the Bishop of Grenoble was 
approved by all the company, especially by the 
Lord of Bayard, who delivered to him his son, say- 
ing; f^^ Here he is, my Lord ; I pray God to speed 
you so well with him, that he may do you honour 
in his life." 

Immediately thereupon the Bishop sent to the 
town to seek his tailor, whom he ordered to bring 
velvet, satin, and other necessary materials, where- 
with to fit oiut the good Knight. He came and 
worked all night, so that next morning everything 
was ready. After having breakfasted, young 
Bayard mounted his horse, and presented himself 
to all the company, which were in the lower court 
of the Castle, equipped just as if he were to be 
presented forthwith to the Duke of Savoy. The 
horse, feeling so light a burden on him, and being 
moreover pricked by the child with his spurs, 
made three or four leaps, whereat the company 


were afraid that he would do the boy a mischief. 
But while they were expecting to hear him cry 
out for help, he, with a noble heart, as bold as a 
lion, when he found the horse make such a stir 
under him, spurred him three or four times, and 
caused him to gallop within the said court ; inso- 
much that he brought the animal under as well as 
if he had been thirty years old. It heed not be 
asked whether the good old man were pleased ; and 
smiling with joy he asked his son if he were not 
i^aid: forhehadleftschoolhardlyafortnight. He 
answered with a steady countenance : " My Lord, 
I hope, with God's aid, before si^ years are over, 
to make either him or some other bestir himself 
in a more dangerous place. For here t am among 
friends, and I »haU then be among the enemies of 
the master whom I shall serve.*' " Now come 
along," said the good Bishop of Grenoble, who was 
ready to depart: " dismount not, my nephew and 
friend, but take leave of all the company.*' Then 
the young child addressed his father with a jojrful 
countenance, and said : " My Lord and father, I 
pray God to give you a happy and a long life, 
and me such grace that, ere He take you out 
of this world, you may hear good things of me." 
" My friend," said the father, " I pray Hini for the 


same ;'' and then he gave him his blessing. After- 
wards he went to take leave of all the Gentlemen 
who were there> one after another, and they were 
much pleased with his good countenance. 

His mother, poor Lady! was in a tower of 
the castle, weeping tenderly ; for, although she 
was delighted that her son was in the wity of 
doing well, maternal love prompted her to shed 
tears. However, wh^fi they came to tell her, that 
if she wished to see her son, he was on horseback 
ready to depart, the good Gendewo^ian Went out 
by the back part of the tower^ and making her 
son draw nigh unto her^ addressed him in these 
-words: " Peter, my friend, you are going into the 
service of a noble Priqce ; as much as a mother 
can command her child, do J command you three 
things, which, if you do, rest assured they will 
enable you to pass through this present life with 
honour. The first is, that above all things you 
love and serve God, without offending Him in 
any way, if it be possible to you. For it is He who 
gave us life, it is He who will save us, and without 
Him and His grace we should not have power 
to perform a single good work in this world. 
Recommend yourself to Him every morning and 
evening, and He will give you aid. The second 


k, that yonbe mild and courteous^ to all Gentlemen^ 
casting away pride. Be humble and obliging to 
everybody. Be not a slanderer or a liar. Keep 
yourself temperate in regard to eatiflig and drink- 
ing. Avoid envy — it is a mean vioe. Be neither 
a flatterer nor a tale-^bearer, for people of tlus 
description do not usually attain to any high 
degree of excellence. Be loyal in word and deed* 
Keep your promises. Succour poor widows and 
orphans, and God will reward you. The tfaiTd 
is, that you be bountiful of the goods that Ood 
shall give you to the poor and needy; for to give 
for His honour's sake never made any man poor ; 
and believe me, my chilcly the alms that you shall 
dispense will greatly profit both your body and soul. 
This is all that I have to charge you with. I be- 
lieve that your fallier and I shall not live much 
longer: but God grant that whilst we do continue 
in life we may always receive a good account of 
you." Then the good Knight, though of such 
tender years, replied to her thus : " My Lady 
mother, I thank you with all humility possible for 
your good instructions, and with His favour into 
whose keeping you recommend me, I hope so 
well to follow them, that you shall be fully satisfied. 
And now, after having very humbly recommended 


niyself to your good graces, I will take my leave 
of you*" 

Then the good Lady took out of her sleeve a 
little purse, containing only six crowns in gold, and 
one in small money, and gave it to her son. She 
also called one of the servants of her brother, th6 
Bishop of Grenoble, and delivered to him a little 
scrip, in which was some linen for her son's use; 
with a request that, when he should be pre- 
sented to my Lord of Savoy, he would pray 
the servant of the equerry, in whose charge he 
should be, to be pleased to look after him a little, 
until he grew older ; and she entrusted him with 
two crowns for the same* Hereupon the Bishop 
of Grenoble took leave of all the company, and 
called his nephew, who thought himself in para- 
dise while he was on the back of his good steed. 
So they took the direct road to Chamberry, where 
Duke Charles of Savoy was at that time residing:. 



Haw the Bishop of Grenoble presented his nephew the good 
Knight without fear and without reproach, to Charles, 
Duke of Savoy, who received himjoyfuUy, 

After leaving the castle of Bayard, which was 
on a Saturday, after breakfast, the Bishop of Gre- 
noble pushed on till he arrived in the eveiiing at 
Chamberry, where the clergy came to meet him ; 
for that town hath belonged, from all antiquity, to 
the bishopric of Grenoble, which hath there its 
judge, and its court. He lodged with a consi- 
derable citizen. The Duke took up his abode in 
his own house, with a good number of Lords and 
Gentlemen, some of Savoy, some of Piedmont. 
That evening the Bishop of Grenoble remained in 
his lodging, without showing himself to the court; 
but the Duke was informed of his being in the 
town, which gave him great pleasure ; forasmuch 
as this same Bishop was, if any may be so called 
in this world, one of the most holy and devout 
personages that was known. Next day, which was 


Sunday, he rose very early, and went to wait upon 
the Duke of Savoy, who received him with a 
smiling countenance, giving him to understand that 
his coming was very agreeable to him. They dis- 
coursed together all along the road from his resi- 
dence to the church, where the Duke was going to 
hear mass, at which the Bishop officiated for him, 
as is fitting for such Princes, and offered him the 
gospel and the pax to kiss. When mass was 
ended, the Duke took him home with him to 
dinner, during which, the good Knight, his nephew, 
served him to drink in an orderly manner, and 
behaved himself very prettily. The Duke took 
notice of this by reason of the boy's youth, and 
accordingly asked the Bishops. " My Lord of 
Grenoble, who is this young child that gives yoii 
to drink V '' My Lord," replied the other, " he 
is a man of arms whom I am come to present yon 
with, to enter your service, if you pkase : but he 
is not in the condition in which I am desirous of 
giving him to you: after dinner^ if it be your 
pleasure, you shall see him." ** Truly," said the 
Duke, who had already taken a liking to him, " he 
must be a strange man who would refuse such a 
present." Now the good Knight, already aware of 
his uncle's intention, did not entertain himself long 


with eating, but sent to the lodgitig to get his horse 
saddled, and> mounting it, after having put it in 
p]X>per orde^r, came ambling abng to the court of 
the house of the Duke of Savoy, who had akeadjit 
come out of the hall, and leaned over a gallery. 
Seeing the young child enter, and make his horse 
curvet like a man of thirty, who had seen war all 
his life, he addressed the Bishop of Grenoble, and 
said : " I suppose this is your little favourite, who 
rides his horse so well." He replied : " My Lord, 
he is my nephew, and come of a good race, from 
which noble Knights have sprung. His father, 
who is so wasted with years and infirmities, as also 
with wounds received in wars and battles, that he 
is not able to wait upon you, commends himself 
very humbly to your good graces, and makes you 
a present of him." " In good faith," repUed the 
Duke, " I accept him willingly; the present is a 
good and a handsome one, and God make him a 
brave man !" Then he commanded one of his 
equerries, in whom he placed most confidence, 
to take charge of the young Bayard, declaring, 
that he believed he would one day make a worthy 
man. Not long after this the Bishop of Grenoble, 
humbly thanking the Duke of Savoy, took his 
leave of him, in order to return to his own house. 


and the Duke abode at Chamberry for some time,^ 
till he took a resolution to go and see King 
Charles VIII. of France, who was in his city of 
Lyons^ diverting himself with jousts, tournaments, 
and other pastimes. 



How the Duke of Savoy left Chamberry to go and see the 
King of France, Charles VIII., in his town of Lyons, 
and took with him the good Knight without fear and 
without reproach, then his page* 

The good Knight remained page with Duke 
Charles for the space of half a year, during which 
time, he gained the love of people of all degrees, 
as much as any child ever did. He was service- 
able to the Lords and Ladies, even to a marvel. In 
all things there was no young page or Lord that 
could be compared with him. He leaped, wrestled, 
threw the bar, according to his size, and, among 
other things, rode a horse as well as it was possi- 
ble : so that his good master conceived as great 
an affection for him as if he had been his own son. 

One day as the Duke was thus at Chamberry, 
in the midst of feasts and rejoicings, he deter- 
mined to go and see the King of France at Lyons, 
where he happened to be at that time among his 
Princes and Gentlemen, leading a jolly life, holding 

VOL. I. C 

18 ^ . MEMOIRS OF 

tilts and tourneys every day, and dancing in the 
evening with the Ladies of the place, who are very 
fair and graceful. And, to say the truth, this 
young King Charles was one of the best Princes, 
one of the most courteous, tiberal, and charitable, 
that ever hath been seen or read of. He loved 
and feared God, and never swore, except hy the 
faith of my hody^ or some such little oath. And 
it was a great pity that death should have taken 
him away so soon as at the age of eight-and- 
twenty years : for had he lived longer he would 
have achieved great things. The said King 
Charles knew how that the Duke of Savoy was 
coming to see him, and that he was already at La 
Verpilliere, and purposed sleeping at Lyons. So 
he sent to meet him a noble Prince of the House 
of Luxemburg, called the Lord of Ligny, with 
many other Gentlemen and archers of his guard, 
who found him two leagues, or thereabouts, from 
Lyons. The Duke and the Lord of Ligny wel- 
comed one another cordially, for they were both 
very honourable personages. They had gone 
a long way discoursing together, when the Lord 
of Ligny cast his eye on the young Bayard 
upon his horse, which was trotting daindly, and 
showed him off to wonderful advantage. " So," said 


the Lord of Ligny to the Du^e of Savoy: " mf 
Lord, you have there a page who rides a mettled 
horse, and moreover he knows how to manage him 
deftly." « On my faith/' said the Duke, " it is 
but half a year ago that the Bishop of Grenoble 
blade me a present of him, when he had just 
left school ; but I never slaw a young lad of iiis 
age who carried himself more manfully, either on 
foot or on horseback; and he hath a very good air 
likewise. I can assure you, my Lord cousin, he is 
come of a race which hath produced spirited and 
bold Gentlemen, and I believe that he will take 
after them." So he said to the good Knight: 
" Put spurs to your horse, Bayard, make him 
gallop:" which the young child, who desired 
nothing better, did immediately, and at the end of 
the course he caused his steed, which was very 
spirited, to make three or four marveUous leaps, 
to the delight of all the company. " On my 
faith, my Lord," said the Lord of Ligny, ^' this is 
a young Gentleman who, in my opinion, will be- 
come a noble gallant if he lives; and I think you 
will do well to make a present of the page and of 
tUe horse to the King. He woidd be well pleased, 
because the horse is a very handsome and a good 
one, and, the page, to my thinking, still better. 



" On my soul/' said the Duke, " since you advise 
it, I will do it." 

The young child, in order to arrive at prefer- 
ment, could not have had a better school than the 
House of France, where honour hath made its 
abode at all times, and longer than in any other 
Prince's house. Thus they pursued their way iri 
conversation till they entered Lyons, whete the 
streets were full of people, and many Ladies were 
at the windows to see them pass ; for, sooth to 
say, this Duke of Savoy was a very good and hand* 
some Prince, and his mien clearly showed him to b^ 
of a great House. He dismounted that even- 
ing, which was on a Wednesday, at his own house, 
where he kept the Lord of Ligny, and another 
called my Lord of Avennes, (son of the Sire d'Al* 
bret^ a brother of the then King of Navarre,) ia 
very honourable and accomplished Lord, to suppeic 
with him, and many other Nobles and Gentlemen; 
during which a number of the King's minstrels and 
singers came to delight the company. That even- 
ing the Duke of Savoy did not leave his own 
house, but they played at several sports and pas* 
times, till wine and spices were brought in, which 
being partaken of, each retired to his own lodg- 
ing till the morrow morning. 



How the Duke of Savoy went to pay his respects to the King 
of France at his house, and of the good and honourable 
reception which was made him. 

On Friday morning the Duke of Savoy got up, 
and after having put himself in order, wished to go 
and visit the king ; hut ere his departure there 
arrived at his house the above-mentioned Lords 
of Ligny and of Avenues, with the Marshal de 
Gie, who at that time enjoyed great credit in 
France ; them he saluted, wishing them a good day. 
They then set out for the abode of the King, who 
was already going to mass in a convent of Corde- 
liers, constructed at the request of a devout monk, 
named brother Jean Bourgeois, at the end of one 
of the suburbs of Lyons called Veize : and upon 
it this young King had bestowed much property, 
as had also done his good and loyal spouse Anne, 
Duchess of Brittany. So the Duke of Savoy 
found the King preparing to leave his chamber, 
to whom he made such and so profound a reve- 
rence as was meet to so great and noble a Prince. 

23 MEMOpiS OF 

But the good King, who was the very son of 
humility, embraced him, saying ; " My cousin and 
friend, you are heartily welcome; I am right 
glad to see you, and on my soul you have done 
well ; for if you had not come, I had intended 
to have visited you in your own country, where I 
might have caused you a great deal more damage.'' 
To which the good Duke replied : ". My Lord, it 
would be difficult for you to cause me any damage, 
or what I should account so. The only regret 
that I should feel at your arrival in my country and 
yours would be that you would not be received as 
is suitable to so lofty and magnanimous a prince as 
yourself. But be well assured of this, that my 
heart, body, substance, and abilities, if God have 
gifted me with any, are as much at your disposal 
as those of the least of your subjects." Whereat 
the King, blushing a little, returned him thanks. 
So they mounted their mules, and went discoursing 
together all along the town to the convent of 
Cordeliers, where they heard mass devoutly. And 
when it came to the offering, the Duke of Savoy 
delivered to the King, as the Prince most to be 
honoured, the crown to offer to our Lord ; a cus- 
tom observed daily by the Kmgs of France. As 
soon as mass was over, they remounted their mules 


to return home, and the King made the Duke of 
Savoy stay and dine with him, and likewise the Lord s 
of Ligny and of Avenues. During dinner much 
discourse was held, concerning dogs, birds, love, 
and arms ; and among other things the Lord of 
Ligny said to the King : ^^ Sire, I swear to you on 
my fay, that my Lord of Savoy hath a mind to give 
you a page who rides a spirited little steed as well 
as ever I saw a youth in my life ; I believe he is not 
more than fourteen years old, but he manages his 
horse like a man of thirty. If you will be pleased 
to go and hear vespers at Esnay, you shall have 
some diversion with him.'* " By the faith of my 
body,'' said the King, " I am willing." Then he 
looked at the Duke of Savoy, and said to him : 
" Cousin, who gave you this proper page whom 
our cousin of Ligny speaks of?" To which the 
Duke answered : '* My Lord, he is a subject of 
yours, and of a House of your country of Dauphiny, 
which hath sent forth gallant Gentlemen: his 
uncle, the Bishop of Grenoble, made me a present 
of him half a year ago ; my Lord cousin hath seen 
him, and is much pleased with him ; you shall view 
the page and the horse at your pleasure in the 
meadow of Esnay." 
The good Knight was not then present, but the 


matter was soon related to him^ and how the Kuig 
wished to see him on his horse/ and I think if he 
had gained the city of Lyons he would scarce have 
been so much delighted. He went immediately 
to the Duke of Savoy's head groom of the stable^ 
called Pisou de Chenas^ and said to him : ^^ Friend 
groom^ I understand that the King wants to see 
my horse after dinner, aiid myself thereon. Now, 
therefore, I pray you be kind enough to put him 
in order, and I will give you my short dagger with 
all my heart." The head groom, seeing the lad's 
good nature, said to him : ^' Bayard, my friend, 
keep your truncheon, I will none of it, but I thank 
you : only go comb and clean yourself, for your 
horise shall be put in order, and God give you this 
fortune, my friend, that the King of France may 
take you into favour ; for thereby you may arrive 
at high preferment, and some time or other, by 
God's aid, you may become so great a Lord that I 
may find my account in it." '' On my faith, mas- 
ter," said the good Knight, " I shall never forget the 
courtesy you have practised towards me since I 
have been of the household of my Lord, and, if 
God ever do bring me to preferment, you shall be 
made sensible of this." Immediately he went up 
into the chamber of his equerry, where he cleaned 


his clothes, combed and equipped himself as hand- 
somely as he could, in expectation of receiving 
some tidings; which he waited not long for. In 
two or three hours the equerry of my Lord of 
Savoy, who was Bayard's governor, came to look 
after him, and found him all in readiness. So he 
said, quite sorrowful : " Bayard, my friend, I see 
very well that I shall not keep you long, for I un- 
derstand that my Lord hath just now made a 
present of you to the King, who wishes to see you 
on your horse in the meadow of Esnay. . I am 
not grieved at your advancement ; but, on my faith, 
I feel great regret at parting with you." To this 
the young Bayard made answer : " My Lord 
equerry, God give me grace to continue in that 
virtuous course which you have pointed out to me 
since the hour that my Lord gave you charge of 
me. If it be in my power, by means of his grace, 
I will never bring reproach upon you by any deed 
of mine, and if I arrive at a situation wherein I can 
do you service, you shall know by proof how much 
I feel inyself obliged to you." 

After these words there w^s no more time to 
delay, for the hour approached. So the equerry 
mounted a horse, and made the good Knight 
mount his, which had been so well combed and 


accoutred that it was deficient in no respect : and 
they went to attend the King and his company in 
the meadow of Esnay, whither the King had gone 
by water on the Saone. As soon as ever he got 
out of the boat, he went to see the young Bayard 
upon the field on his horse, in company with his 
equerry. So he cried out to him : " Page, my 
friend, spur your horse :" which he did immedi- 
ately, and to see how he acquitted himself, . you 
would have thought he had been used to the mat- 
ter aU his life. At the end of the course he made 
him take three or four leaps, and then without 
saying a word returned at full gallop towards the 
King and stopped him quite short before him, 
causing his horse to curvet ; insomuch liiat not 
only the King but all the company received singu^ 
lar pleasure thereby. Then the King began saying 
to my Lord of Savoy: " Cousin, it is impossible to 
ride a horse better;" and turning to the page, he 
said: ^' Spur him, spur him again." At these 
words the pages cried to him, " Spur, spur,*' 
picqueZf picquess : so that for some time after he 
was sumamed Piequet. " Truly," said the King 
again to the Duke, ^^ I se^ before my eyes what 
my cousin of Ligny told me at dinner ; I will not 
wait for you to give me y^ur page, and your horse. 


but I crave them of you." " My Lord,'* replied 
the Duke of Savoy, " the master is yours; well may 
the rest be so : God give the boy grace to do you 
some agreeable service." " By the faith of my 
body/' said the King, " it is impossible that he 
should not become a man of worth. Cousin of 
Ligny, I put the page under your care: but I have 
no mind that he should lose his horse, he shsll 
remain always in your stable.'* Whereupon the 
Lord of Ligny humbly thanked the King, feeling 
well satisfied to have this present ; for he surely 
thought that when he grew to be a man he would 
one day do him great honour; as afterwards 
catne to pass in many places. The good Knight 
was page three years only in the house of the 
Lord of Ligny, who put him out of that situation 
at the age of seventeen, and assigned him a place 
in his own company, though be ever retained 
him among the Gentlemen of his household. 



How a Gentleman of Burgundy^ called Messire Claude dc 
Vauldri^ came to Lyons, by the desire of the King of 
France, to do deeds of arms, as well on horseback as on 
foot, and hung up his shields, in order that they who 
touched them might be by him encountered in combat : 
and how the good Knight, three days after he was dismissed 
from being page, touched all the shields. 

Some time the Duke of Savoy remained at 
, Lyons, where he was well entertained with the 
King, and with the Princes and Nobles of 
France. So he bethought him that it was time to 
return into his own country, and accordingly 
asked leave to depart, which was granted very 
unwillingly: but there is no company so good 
but it must be parted with. The King made him 
handsome and honourable presents, ^ for he 
abounded in Uberality : and thus the good Duke 
Charles of Savoy returned into his own country^ 
The King of France went about visiting his do- 
minions, and two or three years after came again 
to Lyons, where there arrived a Burgundian Gen- 



tieman, named Messire Claude de Vauldre, one 
possessing great skill in arms^ and that marvel- 
lously affected them. He caused entreaty to b^ 
used to the King that, in order to preserve all the 
young Gentlemen from sloth and idleness^ he 
would permit him to hold a tourney on foot and 
on horseback, with career of lance, and stroke of 
battleaxe ; which was granted him : for, after the 
service of God, of which he was very o^reful, the 
good King liked nothing better than merry pas- 
times. So this Messire Claude de Vauldre managed 
hb affair to the best of his ability, and caused 
his shields to be hung up, which all Gentlemen 
who had a mind to prove their hardihood came 
aiid touched, having their names written down by 
the king at arms, who had charge of them. One 
day the good Knight, who was now called by every 
one Picquet, the name that the King had given 
him at Eshay, passed before the shields, and he 
thought within himself: " Alas ! good Lord! if I 
knew how to put myself in fitting array, I would 
right gladly touch those shields, in order to gain 
a knowledge of arms ;" and upon that he stopped, 
and remained quite still and thoughtful. With 
him was a companion of his, bred up by the Lord 
of Ligny, named Bellabre, who said to him: 


*^ What are you thinking of, comrade? — you seem 
like one thunderstruck." " On my faith, friend," 
rej^ed he, " and so I am, and I will tell you the 
reason directly. It hath pleased my Lord to put 
me out of the place of page, and of his goodness 
he hath equipped me, and raised me to the rank 
of Gentleman ; now I have conceived an inordinate 
desire to touch the shields of Messire Claude de 
Vauldr6^ but after I had done it I know not who 
would Airnish me with armour and horses." Then 
answered Bellabre, who was older than he, and a 
very bold Gentleman : (for, be it known to all the 
readers of this history, that of the breeding of 
this noble Lord of Ligny, came fifty Gentlemen, 
thirty of whom were valiant and virtuous Captains 
in their day :) ^^ My friend and companion, are 
you disquieted about that? Have you not your 
uncle the fat abbot of Esnay ? I vow to God that 
we will go to him, and if he won't furnish us with 
money, we'll lay hands on crosier and mitre ; but 
I think that, when he is informed of your strong 
desire, he wiU produce it willingly :" at these words 
Bayard goes to touch the shields. Monjoye, 
king at arms, who was there to write down the 
names, said to him: " How, my firiend Picquet? 
Your beard is not of three years growth, and do 


you undertake to fight with Messire Claude 
de Yauldre, who is one of the fiercest Kmghts 
that you may hear of?" The other replied 
to him : " My firiend Monjoye, what I do pro- 
ceeds not from pride and arrogance^ but soldy 
from a desire to learn arms^ by little and little^ of 
those who can teach me them ; and God^ if He 
please^ may give me grace to do something which 
shall please the Ladies :" at which Monjoye began 
to laugh, and was highly delighted. So the noise 
ran throughout all Lyons thatPicquet had touched 
the shields of Messire Claude de Vauldr^, till it 
came to the ears of the Lord of Ligny, who had 
rather than ten thousand crowns it should be so. 
Accordingly he went to tell the King of it forth- 
with, who was greatly rejoiced, and said : " By 
the faith of my body, cousin of Ligny, jbux breed- 
ing will bring you honour one day, as my heart 
tells me." " We shall see what will come of it," 
replied the Lord of Ligny, " he is rery young 
yet to stand the blows of Messire Claude de Vaul- 

Now the hardest part of the matter for the 
good Knight was not to touch the shields, but to 
find money to get horses and accoutrements. He 
went to his companion Bellabrie, and said to him: 


" My companion and my friend, I pray you be my 
intercessor with my Lord of Esnay, my uncle, that 
be will give me money : I am very sure that if my 
uncle, the Bishop of Grenoble, were here, he would 
let me want for nothing ; but he is at his abbey 
of St, Sumin in Thoulouse ; it is very far off; 
and a man could not. get thither and back in time/' 
" Be of good cheer," said Bellabre, " you and I 
will go speak to him to-morrow morning, and 
I hope, that we shall manage our affair happily .'^ 
This comforted the good Knight somewhat; 
howbeit he slept not much that night. Bellabre 
and he lay together ; they rose betimes, got into 
one of the little boats of Lyons, and made themr 
selves be carried to Esnay^ The first person they 
found within the meadow, after they had left the 
boat, was the Abbot, who was at his devotions witfai 
one of his monks. The two Gentlemen went to 
salute him ; but having already heard how that 
his nephew had touched the shields of Messire 
Claude de Vauldr6, and suspecting that he should 
be called on to pay the expenses, he gave them 
no very good reception, and said to Bayard: 
" Ha ! who made you so bold as to touch the 
shields of Messire Claude de Vauldre ? You were 
a page only three days ago, and are not seventeen 


or eighteen years old ; you ought to feel the rod 
again, you grow so presumptuous." To which the 
good Knight replied : '* My Lord, I protest, to you, 
upon my honour, that not presumption, but a de- 
sire to arrive by valiant deeds at the honour that 
your predecessors and mine have attained unto 
hath inspired me with this boldness. I therefore 
beseech you, my Lord, as I best may, seeing that I 
have no relation or inend to whom I can at pre- 
sent have recourse ex^cept you, that it be your 
good pleasure to assist me with some money to 
provide myself with what is needful for me." " On 
my faith," replied the Abbot, " you may go seek 
elsewhere for one to lend you money ; the wealth 
bestowed on this abbey by the founders was 
intended for the service of God, and not to be 
spent on jousts and tourneys." Which speech of 
the Abbot the Lord of Bellabre took up, and 
said : " My Lord, had it not been for the prowess 
of your predecessors, you would not be Abbot of 
Esnay: for by their means and no other have 
you obtained this dignity. We ought to have a 
sense of the benefits which we have received in 
time past, and a hope to gain some remuneration 
for those which we confer. Your nephew, my 
companion, is of a good descent, and beloved by 

VOL. I. D 


the King, and by my Lord our master ; he hadi 
a desire to arrive at preferment, wherewith you 
ought to be well pleased. It is fitting therefore 
that you give him assistance, for it cannot cost you 
two hundred crowns to equip him properly, and 
he may do you honour equal to ten thousand." 
Rejoinder ensued on the part of the Abbot, who 
made much debate upon the matter; but in the 
end vouchsafed to aid the good Knight« 



Haw the Abbot of Esnay gave the good Knight an hun- 
dred crowns to buy two horses, and writ a letter to a 
merchant at Lyons to furnish hian wth what should be 

Much discourse passed between the Abbot and 
the two Gentlemen, but at length he led them to 
his house, and opening a little window, took an 
hundred crowns out of a purse which was; therein, 
and gave them to Bellabre, saying to him : " My 
Gentleman, here are an hundred crowns which I 
deliver into your charge, to buy two horses for 
this valiant man of arms, seeing that he is too young 
as yet to handle money: I shall write a line to 
Laurencin to furnish him with the habiliments he 
stands in need of." " You do well, my Lord,'* 
said Bellabre, " and I can assure you that who-? 
ever shall know of it, you will gain nothing but 
honour thereby." So he called for paper and 
ink immediately to write to Laurencin, whom he 
ordered to provide his nephew with what should 
be necessary to accoutre him at this tourney, 



imagining within himself that he could not want 
above an hundred franks' worth of goods ; but 
he was quite mistaken, as you shall presently hear. 
As soon as the Gentlemen had received their 
letter, after taking leave of the Abbot, whom the 
good Knight thanked very humbly for his courtesy 
towards him, they went back to their httle boat 
to return to Lyons, much delighted at the success 
of their negotiation. Bellabre broke silence and 
said : '^ You know, companion, that when God 
sends men good fortune, they ought to manage it 
well and wisely. What one robs monks of is holy 
bread. We have a letter to Laurencin to take, 
what we have need of; let us go to his house 
quickly ere the Abbot consider what he hath 
done; for in his letter he hath not limited the 
sum that he gives you for accoutrements. By 
the faith of my body, you shall be rigged out for 
the tourney, and for a year to come; for you 
will never get anything more from him." The 
good Knight, who desired nothing better, began 
to laugh, and said to him : *^ By my faith, com? 
panion, this is a very good method of managing 
the affair; but I pray you let us hasten, for I. 
am terribly afraid that if he perceive his over- 
sight, he will straightway send one of his people 


to say how much money he means to give me for 
clothels." The surmise was very just, as you will 
hear. So they made with all speed across the 
ferry, which brought them up hard by the Ex- 
change, where they landed, and went directly to 
the house of Laurencin, whom they found in his 
shop, and saluted, and he, a very good and honest 
merchant, returned the like to them. Bellabre 
began to speak and said : ^^ On my soul, Master 
Laurencin, .my companion and I are come from 
visiting a worthy Abbot, my Lord of Esnay." ^' I 
promise you he is mine too," said Laurencin; 
** he is a right worthy personage, and I hold myself 
of the number of his good servants. In my life 
I have had reckonings with him to the amount of 
twenty thousand franks, and never met with an 
honester man." " But do you know the good deed 
he hath done his nephew, my comrade here?" 
quoth Bellabre. " Hearing that he had touched 
the shields of Messire Claude de Vauldre, and 
knowing that we slept together, he sent for us 
both this morning, and, on our arrival, after giving 
us an excellent breakfast, presented his nephew 
with three hundred good crowns to buy horses ; 
and moreover, that he may fit himself put so as no 
man in the company shall be better attired than 

■ I 


he^ he hath ^ven us a letter to you, to furnish 
him with what is necessary.'* So he shewed the 
letter to Laurencin^ who immediately knew the 
signature of my Lord the Abbot. " I assure you, 
Grentlemen," said the merchant, " there is nothing 
within here that is not at your command, and at 
that of my Lord who writes to me: only look for 
what you want." So they quickly made him shew 
them gold and silver stuffs, embroidered satins, 
velvets, and other silks, of which they took for the 
good Knight to the value of seven or eight hun- 
dred franks, then bade him good day, went to their 
lodging, and immediately sent for tailors to do 
their business. 

Now let us return for a while to the Abbot, who 
was very glad to find himself rid of his nephew. 
He ordered his people to bring dinner, at which 
he had company ; and, amid other discourse, he 
said, in an elevated tone of voice : " I have had 
a costly present to make this morning : that boy 
Bayard, my nephew, hath been mad enough to 
touch the shields of Messire Claude de Vauldre, 
and hath come this forenoon to beg money for 
his equipments ; which hath lain me in an hun« 
dred crowns. Nay this is not all; for I have 
written to Laurencin to give him what he shall 


ask to accoutre him for the tilt." To that answeral 
the Sexton of the Abbey : *' On my feith^ mjr 
Lord, you have done well ; hewishes to imitate the 
prowess of my Lord your grand&ther, who was so 
stout of heart as were all his kin. I see but one 
evil in this; he is young and wilful; you have 
written to Laurendn to give him what he shall 
asky and, I am certain he will do it if it come to two 
thousand crowns ; I fear your nephew will take 
more than you intend." The Abbot began im- 
mediately to consider of this, and replied : " By 
St. James, Sexton, you say true, for I have not 
specified how much*" Then he cried: " Call 
the steward :" who coming immediately, the Abbot 
said to him : " Hie you away, Nicholas ; another 
shall serve instead of you ; go to the town to 
Laurencin, and say that I wrote him word this 
morning to furnish my nephew with some wearing 
apparel for the tourney of Messire Claude do 
Vauldr^, and that he is to give him to the amount 
of an hundred or an hundred and twenty crowns 
and no more ; tarry not, but merely go and come 
back again." The steward set off instantly, but 
fiur too late. When he arrived at Laurencin's^ 
he was at table ; but being very intimate with him, 
he went up, and saluted the company, who did 


the like to him. " Master steward,^ quoth Lau- 
rencin, " you are Xi^elcome ; wash your hands, 
arid partake with us." * " I thank you," he repUed, 
" that is not my errand : my Lord sends me 
hither because to-day he wrote you word to furnish 
his nephew Bayard with some accoutrements.'* . 
Laurencin did hot wait till he had finished, but 
said : " Master steward, I have attended to all 
that: I assure you I have rigged him out hand- 
somely ; ♦he is a very well-behaved young Gentle- 
man ; and my Lord doth well to assist him." " And 
to what amount have you given him ?" said the 
stewatd. " Faith I can't tell," said the other, 
" till I see my paper, and my receipt on the 
back of my Lord's letter ; but I believe it came 
to about eight hundred franks." " Ha ! by 'r 
I^ady, you have spoilt all !" cried Nicholas. " How 
so ?" quoth Laurencin. " Why thus," repUed the 
steward : " my Lord was sending you word by me 
not to give him above the value of an hundred 
or an hundred and twenty franks." " His letter 
said not that," said Laurencin ; " if he had 
asked more, he would have had it, for such were 
my Lord's instructions." " There is no help for 
it now," said the Steward : " fare you well." So 
he returned to Esnay, and found the company 


where he had left them. When the Abbot saw 
'his steward^ he said: ^^ Well^ Nicholas^ did you 
deliver my message to Laurencin ?" " That did 
I, my Lord," returned he, " but I set out too late ; 
your nephew had already made his purchases, 
and had only taken to the amount of eight hun- 
dred franks." " Eight hundred franks, St. Mary !" 
cried the Abbot : '^ make haste ; you know his 
lodging ;^-'go tell him that if he doesn't quickly 
carryback to Laurencin's what he hath^akeh, he 
shall never again be the better for a denier of 


The steward obeyed his Lordship's command, 
and went to Lyons, thinking to find his man, who 
having had an inkling beforehand of this contm- 
gency, had said to his servants: "If any of my 
Lord of Esnay's people come to inquire for me, 
make excuses, in order that I may not be obliged 
to speak with them." The like injunction laid 
he on all them of the lodging. When the 
steward came and asked for him, they made 
answer that he was at my Lord of Ligny's. 
Thither he goes, and, finding him not, returns to 
the lodging. Then they told him he was gone 
to try horses beyond the Rhosne. In short he 
went more than ten times to his house, but could 


never find him-j he therefore returned, for he 
perceived plainly that they were making game of 
him. When he got back to Esnay, he told my 
Lord, ^^ It was lost labour to seek his nephew: 
for that h^ had been above ten times to his lodg- 
ing, but saw it was not possible to find him, as 
be made himself be concealed." " On my oath 
then," said the Abbot, " he is a bad boy ; but he 
shall repent it." His wrath dispersed at leisure, 
but he never got any thing else by the concern. 
Let us now leave off speaking of him, and return 
to the good Knight and liis companion, and the 
exploits diey performed in their affairs. 




Horo) the good Knight without fear and xaithmt reproach 
and his companion mounted their horses, and donned their 
Accoutrements ; and how the said Knight carried him- 
self gallantly, according to his might, against Messire 
Claude de Vauldri. 

The reader must understand that as soon as the 
g6dd Knight and his companion got what diey 
called for at Laurencin's, they made no long stay 
at his house, foreseeing what happened after- 
wards ; but so diligent were they in their business 
that they were provided with all they wanted* 
They retired to their lodging, and sent. immedi- 
ately for tailors, to make tb^n each three, smts for 
the tourney ; as the good Knight wished his com- 
panion to be of the same livery as himself: so 
Aey had every thing alike. After they had given 
dkections about their clothes, Bellabre said: 
** Companion, we must go see about horses. I 
know a Gentleman of Piedmont lodging in La 
Grenete, who hath a small horse, well raised, and 
very agile, that will suit you exactly: I believe 



too he is possessed of a little lively bay courser. 
I have been told that he wishes to sell them, be- 
cause he broke his leg in riding them eight days 
ago ; let us find out if this be the case." " That 
is well thought of^'^'said the good Knight. 

Accordingly they crossed the water to Our 
Lady of Consolation, then drew near to the house 
of this Piedmontese gentleman, whom they found 
m his chamber very ill at ease m his leg. They 
saluted him, and he did the same to them, like a 
courteous Knight. Bellabre spoke first, and said : 
'^ sir, my companion wants to purchase a couple 
of horses of yours, as we have heard that you 
design to part with them, on account of the mis- 
hap you have met with, for which we are hfeartily 
sorry." " Gientlemen," repUed the Piedmon- 
tese, " it is true, and it troubles me much, for the 
horses are good and handsome. But it is God's 
will, — I see plainly that I shall not be able to quit 
this town within three months, — provisions are ex- 
pensive here,— my horses would cost me in victuals 
more than they are worth, — you appear honest 
and brave Gentlemen, — I had rather my horses 
fell into your hands than elsewhere : get across 
their backs, and go try them out of the town, 
with one of my people ; — on your return, if you 


please^ we will come to terms about them." They 
lik^d the proposal ; and the horses being forth- 
with saddled, the good Knight and his com- 
panion mounted and led them to the meadows 
hard by La Ouillotiere, where they made them 
gallop and trot till they were satisfied. They 
then returned to the house of the Gentleman to 
make the bargain, and asked what price he would 
sell them for. *' On my honour/' said Ije, "if I 
were whole, there is no man upon earth who 
should have them for two hundred crowns, unless 
I wished to make him a present of them ; but for 
love of you I am content to let you have the war- 
horse for sixty crowns, and the courser for fifty, 
in all, one hundred and ten crowns : I will take no 

. They thought him very reasonable and said 
hot another word, but, " Sir, you shall have them, 
and two Gentlemen at your service all their lives :" 
for which he thanked them. They took out their 
purses, and gave him his hundred and ten crowns, 
and two for wine for the servants. The horses 
were led to their lodging by their own people^ 
and they had them well curried and accoutred ; 
for it wanted only three days of the time when 
Messire Claude de Vauldre's enterprise was to 


begin; wherefore every one apparelled himself 
^u^ording to his meanjs* So Messire Claude 
opened his tourney in the order that, with the 
King's leave, he had caused to be published, and 
on a Monday entered the lists^ where he was en- 
countered by divers worthy and gallant Gentlemen 
of the household of good King Charles, such as 
the Seneschal Galiot, a very valiant and expert 
warrior; the young Bonneval, Sandricourt, Chas*- 
tiUon, and Bourdillon, who weire the King's most 
familiar intimates, with many others. Every 
one did his best, as may be supposed. It had 
been appointed that each combatant, after having 
performed his part, should be led along the lists 
in open sight for the sake of letting the spectators 
know who had done well or ill ; for which reason 
you may imagine there was no one that did not 
use his utmost endeavours to acquit himself 

The good Knight, at this time little more than 
seventeen years old, a very tender age, (for he 
had not done growing, and was naturally spare 
and pale,) entered the lists, and there made his 
first essay, which commenced rudely enough: 
for he had to do with one of the most skilful and 
experienced Knights in the world. Nevertheless, 


bow it happened I canndt teH, whether God 
willed to give him the glory/ or Messire Ckude 
de Vauldre chose to amuse himself with him^ there 
was no man, in the whole combatj on horseback 
or on foot, that played his part better than hoj or 
indeed so well. Insomuch that the ladies of 
Lyons awarded the honour of the day to him : 
for, as hath been already observed, each was 
obliged, after his fight was over, to walk along 
the lists in view of everybody; wherefore, when it 
came to the good Knight's turn, the Ladies in 
their Lyonese tongue gave him the chief honour, 
saying : " Vey vo cestou malotru / il a mieulxfay 
que tous los autres .*" ** Look at this poor lad ! 
he hath done better than all the others." And 
of the rest of the company he acquired such fisi- 
vour, that good King Charles said at supper, to 
exalt him more : '' By the faith of my body, 
Picquet hath made a beginning, from which, in my 
belief, he will go on to a good end." Then he 
said to the Lord of Ligny : " Cousin, I never 
made you a better present in my life than when 
I gave you him." To which that Lord replied : 
" Sire, if he be a man of merit you will derive 
greater honour from him than I ; for it is the 
commendation you have bestowed on him that hath 


made him undertake all this. God grant that he 
may continue his present course ! But his uncle, 
the Abbot of Esnay^ ^akes ho great pleasure in 
it^ for he hath had money of him and accoutrements 
on his credit :*' of which the King had already 
been informed. So he began to laugh, and all 
the company with him. 



How the Lord of Ligny sent the good Knight to the Gar- 
rison in Picardy, where his company was ; how he lodged 
in a pretty little town called Ayre, and how at his arrival 
his companions came to meet him. 

After the tourney was ended^ the Lord of 
Ligny one morning called the good Knight with- 
out fear and without reproach^ and said to him : 
^ Picquet, my friend^ you haVe a rare beginning 
to your fortunes: the war is to be continued, and 
though I retain you in my household at three 
hundred franks a year, and three horses, yet have 
I put you into my company. Go therefore to 
the garrison to see your comrades; you will there 
find as gallant soldiers as are in Christendom^ 
and who often practise arms, holding jousts and 
tourneys for the love of the Ladies, and for the 
acquiring of honour. On which account it seems 
to me that you cannot be better than with them, 
till there be some rumour of war." The good 
Knight, who wished nothing better, replied: '^ My 
Lord, for all the honours and benefits which you 

VOL. I. E 


have done and are doing me every day^ you can 
only at present receive from me very humble* 
thanks^ and a prayer to our Lord that he will be 
pleased to reward you. But it is my greatest 
desire at present to go see the company you speak 
of; for I cannot witness the good things I have 
heard reported of them ever so short a while, 
without being the better for it all my life, and if 
it be your pleasure I will depart to-morrow." The 
Lord of Ligny said ; " I am willing; but first you 
shall take leave of the King ; I will carry you to him 
after dinner."' Which he did, and they found that 
Monarch just about to rise from table, when the 
Lord of Ligny said to him : *^ Sire, here is your Pic- 
quet ; he is going to see his comrades in Picardy, 
and is come to take leave of you." Thereupon 
the good Knight threw himself on his knees with 
a bold countenance, which the King observed 
with pleasure, and said< smiling: " My friend 
Picquet, may God continue in you what I have 
beheld in your outset, and you will be a brave 
tABXi. You are going into a land where there are 
handsome Ladies, exert yourself to gain their 
favour, and adieu, my friend f " Many thanks, 
Sire," said the good Knight. So he was imme- 
diately embraced of all the Princes and Lorda 


ill bidding fiirewell, and of many Gentlemen, 
who felt much regret at his leaving the court. 
He felt none himself however, but, on the con- 
trary, thought it long till he reached the place 
whither he was bound. The King sent for oi^ 
of the grooms of his chamber, who had some 
money in his coffers, and ordered him to give the 
good Knight three hundred crowns, and likewise 
he caused one of the finest horses in his stabler 
to be delivered to him. Bayard bestowed thirty 
crowns on the groom, and ten on him that brought 
him the courser, for which all that knew of it 
extolled his liberality amazingly. The Lord of 
Ligny brought him back to his lodgings, and talked 
to him that evening as if he had been his own 
child, advising him above all things to keep 
honour constantly before his eyes; a command 
that he hath ever kept to the day of his death. 
At length, when it was time to retire ta bed, his 
Lordship said to him : " My friend Picquet, I 
suppose you will set off to-morrow before I am 
up ; to God I commend you." So he embraced 
him with tears in his eyes ; and the good Knight 
took leave of him kneeling, and went home, es- 
corted by all his companions, from whom he did 
not part without many embraces. Going up into 



his chamber he there found the Lord of Ligny's 
tailor^ with two complete suits of clothes, which 
his kind master had sent him. To him he said : 
" My friend and brother, had I known of this 
fine present, I would have thanked my Lord for 
it, who hath conferred so many other favours on 
me, which I have never deserved at his hands ; 
be pleased to accept that from me :" and he took 
out his purse, and giave him twenty crowns. 

One of the servants of the good Knight said 
to him : " Sir, William the groom but now brought 
my Lord's good horse to your stable, and told nie 
that his Lordship gives him to you. But he 
returned because he was called for, and said 
he would come and speak with you to-morrow." 
" He will not find me," replied Bayard, " for I 
intend to be on horseback by day-break." So 
he turned to the tailor, and put into his hand ten 
crowns, saying to him: " My friend, I pray you 
give that to William the groom of the stable, 
arid be good enough to salute all the fair and 
noble company at the house of my Lord on my 
part." The tailor promised to do so, and having 
left the apartment, the good Kriight packed up 
his trunks, and put his dress in order, to depart 
early the next morning, then got into bed, where 


he rested but little> for it was near midnight when 
he laid himself down. As soon as he rose^ the 
first thing he did was to send off his great horses, 
whereof he had six choice ones, with his baggage. 
He set out himself afterwards with five or six 
admirable curtals, when he had taken leave of 
his host and hostess, and fully satisfied them for 
the time he had spent in their house. His com- 
panion Bellabre was ready as soon as he, and 
accompanied him as far as Bresle; there they 
dined, and there took leave of each other; but 
they made no great ceremony of that; for within 
three or four days after Bellabre reckoned upon 
following his friend, and only waited for a couple 
of great horses, which were coming to him out of 

The good Knight always went by short journeys, 
because he had his horses led ; however at length 
he arrived at three leagues distance from the town 
of Ayre, whence he sent forward one of his peo- 
ple to seek lodgings. When the Gentlemen of 
the company learnt that Picquet was so near, they 
all, or most part of them, mounted their steeds to 
go and meet him: so great a desire had they to 
see him, each being already possessed with an 
opinion of his virtues. They were more than six-^ 


and-twenty young Gentlemen, who found their 
companion half a league from the town. It need 
not be asked whether they gave each other a 
hearty welcome, and they joyfully conducted him, 
conversing together on many subjects, into the 
town; there the Ladies were at the windows; for 
having alreadyheardof the good Knight Picquet s 
nobleness of heart, every one desired to become 
acquainted with him. They saw him, but not so 
much at their ease as they did afterwards. The 
good Knight was led by his comrades to his 
lodgings, where supper was ready prepared, he 
having given order to this effect by his men whom 
he had sent on. Part of his companions, who 
led a merry life, remained, questioning him 
about the state of his means, observing how for- 
tunate he had been at his outset in doing so well 
against Messire Claude de Vauldre, and ex- 
tolling him marvellously. But the good Knight 
appeared nowise transported with that, but replied 
courteously to all their speeches : " Gentlemen, 
my comrades, you do wrong to give me these 
praises, for there is nothing yet in me that can 
make me worth much ; but please the Lord, with 
your good aid, I shall attain to be accounted of 
the number of persons of merit." Then he left 
the subject, and spoke of other matters. 


One of the company called Tardieu, a mirthful 
pleasant man, began to speak, and, addressuig the 
good Knight, said: " Friend comrade, I can assure 
you that, in all Picardy, there are no handsomer 
Ladies than those of this town, whereof your 
hostess, whom you h^ve not yet seen, is one; she 
is gone to the wedding of a niece of hers, but 
will return to-morrow, so you may see her at your 
convenience. It is impossible that you should 
have come to keep garrison without money ; you 
must mak^ yourself talked of on your arrival, and 
by worthy actions acquire the favour of the Ladies 
of the country. It is now a long time since there 
was a prize given in this town; I do beseech you, 
be pleased to give one here within eight days: 
pray do not refuse me the first request that I 
have ever made you." To which the good Knight 
replied; " On my word. Master Tardieu, had 
you asked a greater matter, assure yourself I 
should not have refused you ; how then this which 
is as pleasing to me as to you, and perhaps more 
so? If you will send me the trumpet to-morrow 
morning, and we can gain our Captain's leave, I 
will give you satisfaction in this affair." Tardieu 
rejoined : " Don't trouble yourself about gaining 
leave: Captain Louys d'Ars hath granted it you 


from this time forth^ as no harm is contemplated. 
He is not here at present, but will be in four days. 
If any evil come of it, I take the blame upon 
myself," " Well then," replied the good Knight, 
" to-morrow your desire shall be accomplished/' 
The company remained in conversation until the 
twelfth hour of the night, when they separated 
till the next morning, at which time the above- 
named Tardieu forgot not to repair to the lodging 
of the good Knight, his new companion, and 
to bring him one of the company's trumpets, greet- 
ing him with these words: " Comrade, make 
no excuses, here is your man." 



Haw the good Knight caused a tourney to be published in 
Ay re for the sake of the Ladies y wherein the most sue- 
,cessful combatant was to receive a bracelet of gold, andu 
fine diamond to give to his Lady. 

Although the Knight without fear and without 
4*eproach had great need of rest^ by reason of the 
long journey he had taken, yet the proposal of his 
comrade Tardieu suffered him not to sleep much 
that night; his thoughts were employed upon the 
tourney, and how it should be conducted. He 
Tevolved the matter in his mind, and determined 
respecting the execution of it, as you shall pre- 
sently hear : for wh^n Tardieu came to see him 
in the morning, aud brought him the trumpet, he 
found the order >of the tourney written out, and 
the way in which it was to be conducted set forth: 
which was as follows : " That Pierre de Bayard, 
young Gentleman, and novice in arms, native of 
Dauphiny, one of the King's ordinary men of 
arms, under the charge and conduct of the high 


and mighty Lord of Ligny^ caused a tourney to 
be cried and published for all comers, without the 
town of Ayre, and adjoining the walls, on the 
twentieth day of July, of three strokes of the 
lance, without lists, and twelve of the sword, with 
edged weapons, and in armour of war, the whole 
on horseback; and that to him that performed 
the best he gave a golden bracelet enamelled with 
his device, and of the weight of thirty grains ; 
that the next day there was to be a combat on 
foot,^ at point of lance, within lists the height of 
a man*s middle. And, after the lance was broken, 
with blows of battle-a3ce, at the discretion of the 
judges, and of them that kept the field; and that 
he who did the best was to receive a diamond of 
. forty crowns' value. 

When Tardieu had seen the order, he said : 
" By God, comrade, not Lancelot, nor Tristrem, 
nor Gawaine could have done better. Trumpet, 
go cry that in this town, and then you shall pro- 
ceed from garrison to garrison, for the space of 
three days, to inform all our friends thereof." 
The reader must understand, that in Picardy 
there were then seven or eight hundred men of 
lirms, as the company of the Mareschal des Cordes, 
Philippe de Crevecceur, that of the Scotch, that 


of the Lord of la Palisse, a famed and virtuous 
Captain^ and many others^ who by the said trumpet 
were advertised of the tourney. They, therefore, 
who had a mind to be present, at it, put themselves 
in readiness, for the term was only of eight or ten 
days ; however there wer^ not fewer than forty or 
fifty men of arms upon the ranks. In the interval 
before the desired day, the noble Knight Cap- 
tain Louys d'Ars arrived, and was much delighted 
at having come in time to be a sharer in the 
sport. The good Knight, being informed of his 
return, went to pay his respects to him, and they 
gave each other a cordial welcome. To add still 
more to the zest of the thing, next day Bayard 
was rejoined by his firiend Bellabre, which greatly 
rejoiced all the company. They entertained them- 
selves every day in trying their horses, and giving 
treats to the Ladies, wherein the good Knight, 
among others, played his part very well, insomuch 
that the Dames of the town, and divers who came 
from the surrounding parts to see the tourney, 
gave him the preference above all the rest ; which, 
however, did not inspire him with any pride. 

Now came the day appointed for the commence- 
ment of the tourney, and every one entered the 
ranks. Captain Louys d'Ars was one of the 


judges^ and the Lord of St. Quentin the other. 
The Gentlemen, numbered at forty-six, ranged 
themselves in order, and were divided by lot, 
without any unfair play, three-and-twenty on one 
side, jftnd three-and-twenty on the other. When 
they were all ready ,to begin, the trumpet sounded, 
and after that declared, in all its particulars, the 
order of the tourney. It was the good Knight's 
place to present himself the first upon the ranks, 
and against him came a neighbour of his from 
Dauphiny, named Tartarin, who was very formi- 
dable in the wielding of weapons. They ran at 
X)ne another : Tartarin broke his lance half a foot 
ofi* the head ; and the good Knight smote him at 
the top of the great vantbrace, and broke his 
spear into five or six pieces : at which trumpets 
jsounded furiously, for it was a marvellous fine 
joust. After having accomplished their course, 
they returned for the second, and it was Tartarin's 
fortune to pierce the vantbrace of the good Knight 
about the elbow, so that all the company thought 
his arm was wounded. . The good Knight hit his 
adversary a blow over the visor, and brought away 
a little chaplet of feathers. 

Their courses being finished, Bellabre appeared 
in. the Usts, and was encountered by a Scotch 


gendarm^ named Captain David of Fougas^ and 
they likewise did with their lances the utmost that 
it was possible for Gentlemen to perform. Thus 
they jousted^ two against two, till they had all 
done running. Then they began to fight with 
the sword; the good Knight, commencing accord- 
juig to the order, with the first blow that he struck 
broke his sword into two pieces, and fought so 
well with the rest, up to the number of blows pre- 
scribed, that it was unpossible for atiything to be 
better. Afterwards the others came on in their 
turns : and, for one day, according to the report of 
all the spectators, and even of the judges, never was 
better running with lance, or fighting with sword: 
And although every one acquitted himself vastly 
well, yet the good Knight, Bellabre, Tartarin, 
Captain David, one belonging to the company of 
my Lord of Cordes, named the Bastard of Chimay, 
and Tardieu bore away the palm fi*om all the rest; 
In the evening, when ievery one had done his 
part, they all retired to the lodging of Bayard, 
who had ordered a noble supper to be dressed, 
and got a great number of Ladies together : all 
those in Picardy within ten leagues around having 
come to see this fine tourney ; and sumptuously 
were they entertained. After supper there were 


dances, and many, other pastimes, so that it was an 
hour past midnight ere any one was tired. Then 
they went home, one after another, conducting 
the Ladies to the places where they were to spend 
the night. It was very late in the day before 
they were well awakened, and I can assure you 
they were never weary of commending the good 
Knight, both for his prowess in arms, and for 
his courtesy : and indeed a more gracious and civil 
Gentleman was not to be found in the whole 

Now, to go through with what was begun, next 
day the soldiers all repaired to the house of their 
Captain, Louys d' Ars : thither the good Knight 
had also gone to invite him to dinner at his lodg- 
ing, vnth the Lord of St. Quentin, to meet the 
Ladies of the preceding evening; which was 
agreed to. Then, after they had all been to hear 
mass chanted, might you have seen the young 
Gentlemen offering their arms to the Ladies, and 
leading them, engaged in discourse on love and 
other pleasing topics, to the lodging of the good 
Knight, where, well as they had been entertained 
the night before, at dinner they were so still bet- 
ter. Not long remained the Lords and Ladies 
within doors after dinner, but in the space of 


about two hours all that were of the tourney 
re-entered the ranks^ to perform the order of the 
second day. Now he who thought he had little 
chance of obtaining the first prize, flattered 
himself with the hope of the next. The judges, 
Lords, and Ladies being arrived upon the spot, 
the tilt was opened by the good Knight without 
fear and without reproach, in the usual manner. 
Against him came a Gentleman from Hainault, of 
high reputation, called Hanotin de Sucre; they 
thrust furiously at one another above the lists, 
with their lances, till they had broken them to 
shivers. Then they took their battle-axes, which 
they both had by their sides, and dealt each other 
such sharp and rude strokes, that the combat 
threatened to be a mortal one. At length, how<- 
ever, the good Knight hit his adversary a blow 
about the ear which made him first stagger, and 
then kneel upon both knees, and, assailing him 
again above the lists, he made him kiss the earth, 
whether he would or no; which being seen of 
the judges, they cried out : " Holla ! holla ! it is 
enough I let them retire!" 

After these two came Bellabre and Arnaulton of 
Pierreforade, a Gascon Gentleman, and did won- 
ders with their lances, which were immediately 


broken. Then they came' to their battle-axes^ and 
dealt each other fierce blows; but Bellabre broke 
his, on which account the judges parted them. 
After them Tardieu and David the Scotchman 
entered the lists, and performed very ably : and so 
on, each in his turn, during the space of seven hours, 
till they had all done; and, for a Uttle tournament, 
it displayed as good fighting as they who were at 
it had ever beheld in their lives. When all was 
ended each retired to his own house to disarm, 
and then assembled at that of the good Knight, 
where a banquet was prepared, and there the twQ 
judges, the Lords of Ars and of St. Quentin, and 
all the Ladies were already met. You may ima- 
gine how much talk there was of the two days, 
each saying what he thought on the subject. How- 
ever^ supper being ended, it was now time for the 
judges to make decision, and to award the prizes. 
Many Gentlemen experienced in warlike matters 
were asked their opinion on their honour, and then 
the Ladies on their conscience, without favduriixg 
one more than another. At last it was declared 
both by Gentlemen and Ladies that, although 
every one had acquitted himself extremely well, 
nevertheless, in their opinion, the best combatant 


on both days bad been the good Knight; they 
therefore referred it to him^ as the gainer of the 
prizes^ to bestow his presents where he should 
think fit. 

There was a great dispute between the two 
judges which should pronounce the sentence, 
but the gogd Captain Louys d'Ars entreated the. 
Lord of St. Quentin so much, that at length he 
agreed to do it. The trumpet sounded for silence, 
which being obtained, his Lordship spoke thus : 
" Oentlemep here assembled, especially you that 
have fought at the tourney, of which Master 
Pierre de Bayard hath offered the prizes for two 
days, my Lor'd of Ars and myself, judges com- 
missioned by you all to give a reasonable decree 
on whom those prizes shall be most fitly bestowed, 
we wish you to know, that, after having well and 
duly inquired of all the brave and honourable 
Gentlemen who have attended to see you fight, 
and Ukewise of the noble Ladies here present, we 
find that you have every one played your parts 
very well, and very creditably. But beyond all, 
without disparaging any, the Lord of Bayard hath 
been, according to the common voice, on both 
days the most worthy combatant. Wherefore the 
Gentlemen and Ladies award to him the honour 

VOL. I. F 


of dispensing the prizes where he shall think, fit." 
And addressing the good Knight, he said: 
" Lord of Bayard, bethink you to whom you will 
deliver them." He was quite ashamed, and re- 
mained thoughtful a short space ; then said : " My 
Lord, I know not why it is that I am favoured by 
having this honour conferred on me ; as I think 
there are some who have deserved it much more 
than I ; but since it pleases the Lords and Ladies 
to make me judge, entreating all the Gentlemen 
my companions, who have done better than my- 
self, not to be displeased at it, I give the prize of 
the first day to my Lord of Bellabre, and that of 
the second to Captain David the Scot." 

So the presents were immediately deUvered to: 
them, nor did any one, man or woman, murmur at 
it, but the dances and sports were entered upon. 
The Ladies could never be satisfied with speaking 
well of the good Knight, who was so beloved in 
Picardy as no man more. He remained there two 
years, and during that time many tourneys and 
Qther entertainments took place, in most of which 
the good Knight bore away the bell. And the 
chief reason why every one loved him was, that a 
more liberal or gracious person could not be found 
upon earth. None of h^s companions was ever 


dismounted that he did not assist him to get upon 
his horse again. Was he in possession of a 
crown, all shared it. Young as he was, the first 
thing he did when he rose was to serve God. He 
was a great giver of ahns ; and there was no man, 
during his life, who could say he had refused him 
any thing within his power to grant. At the end 
of two years the young King Charles of France 
undertook his journey to Naples, accompanied by 
the Lord of Ligny ; who therefore sent in good time 
to fetch the Knight without fear and without re- 
proach ; for, knowing his virtues, and the honour- 
able manner in which he was spoken of, he would 
by no means leave him behind. 




Ilorv the King of France, Charles VII L, made preparations 
to set out for the conquest of Naples, which he effected 
by his prowess and valour, without much effusion of blood. 

Two years afterwards, or thereabout, gQod 
King Charles resolved to go and conquer the 
Kingdom of Naples. The causes and occasions 
whereupon he undertook the journey are fully con- 
tained in other histories and chronicles, seeing 
which to make a'long recital of them would only 
weary my readers, and waste paper. Nevertheless, 
as every one must have read and clearly under- 
stood, the good King Charles accompUshect his 
journey as honourably as it was possible. He 
planted his Courts of Justice within Rome, brought 
the Pope to reason, and entirely gained the King- 
dom of Naples, where he left the Lord of Mont- 
pensier as his Lieutenant-General and Viceroy. 
Then he disposed himself to go back to France, 
and met with no obstacle till he arrived at a place 
called Fornova, where he found full sixty thousand 


combatants^ all Italians, and belonging to various 
Potentates, as the Pope, the Venetians, the Duke 
of Milan, and many other Lords, who had schemed 
to overthrow the good King on his return, and 
take him prisoner; because they were assured that 
he had left part of his forces in the Kingdom heS 
had just conquered, and had not more than ten 
thousand men with him. 

Notwithstanding this, the good and noble 
Prince, who had the heart of a lion, secure of 
being well served by the few troops he had with 
him, determined to wait and give them battle; 
this he did with our Lord's aid, whereby his 
enemies gained foul shame and heavy loss, and he 
inestimable glory ;, for he had not seven hundred 
men slain, whereas they lost eight or ten thousand 
of their best ; specially the greatest Captains of 
the Seigniory of Venice remained upon the field, 
and many of the House of Gonzagua, the head 
whereof is the Marquis of Mantua, who was there 
likewise, but took advantage of his spurs and his 
good steed ; and had it not been for the swelling 
of a little stream, the overthrow would have been 
more complete. At the first attack the good 
Knight without fear and without reproach carried 
himself triumphantly above all the rest, in the 


company of his noble master the Lord of ligny, 
and had two horses kiDed under him that day. 
The King, being told of it, gave him five hundred 
crowns, and the good Knight in return presented 
him with the standard of some cavalry which he 
had gained in the pursuit. 

Thence the King proceeded to Vercelli, where 
he found a fine troop of Swiss come to ofier him 
their aid, if necessary. He remained some days 
there with his camp, being desirous to reheve his 
brother-in-law, the Duke of Orleans, who was be- 
sieged in Novara by Lewis Sforza Duke of Milan, 
and the Venetians. There was much going and 
coming of people who busied themselves to bring 
about peace, insomuch that some treaty was at 
length adjusted. The King therefore returned to 
Lyons, where he found the good Queen, his loyal 
consort, and with her the Duchess of Bourbon, 
her sister. 

The King of France quitted that city for the 
sake of visiting his good patron at St. Denys in 
France, where his predecessors lay buried ; and 
he spent two or three years in travelling up and 
down his Kingdom, leading a very good and holy 
life, and maintaining justice to the satisfaction of 
his subjects : for he sat hinqiself in the chair of 


justice twice a week, to hear the complaints and 
grievances of all, and attended to the poorest. 
He received tidings that the NeapoUtans had 
revolted to Ferdinand, son of King Alphonso, and 
also that his Lieutenant-General, the Count of 
M ontpensier, was dead, and that all his Captains 
were returning to France. So he proposed to him- 
self to go thither in person, when he saw a fitting 
opportunity. Meantime he lived in his own 
Kingdom very virtuously, and had three children 
by his wife, but they all died. 

In the September of the year 1407, this good 
Prince left Tours for Lyons, thinking to take his 
journey to Naples ; but the project was abandoned, 
on what account I know not* He returned to 
Amboise, and on the 7th of April, in the follow- 
ing year, whilst watching tennis-players in a 
gallery was seized widi a weakness, which carried 
him off soon after: an irreparable loss to the 
Kealm of France ; as he had given proofs during 
his whole reign, of the most excellent dispositions, 
the most mild, gracious, clement and merciful. I 
believe that God hath assigned him his portion 
among the blessed, for the good Prince was not 
{itained by a single unworthy vice. I have given 
no detailed account of his life, it being set down 
sufficiently elsewhere. 



How Lewis, Duke of Orleans^ succeeded to the crown of 
France, as the nearest heir, with the name of Lewis XIL 

On the demise of good King Charles, there 
being no heir male^ Lewis, Duke of Orleans, as 
next to him, succeeded to the throne, was conse« 
crated at Rheims the 27th of May, 1408, and 
crowned at St. Denys the first day of July ensuing. 
He had espoused the Princess Joan of France, 
sister of his predecessor : but by reason that it 
was thought she could have no issue, and that he 
bad married her against his inclination, from a 
dread of the fury of her father, Lewis XI., he had 
her called into court. On this occasion the Pope 
appointed Judges to try the cause, and in the end 
she was by them determined not to be his wife. 
Wherefore, leaving her the Duchy of Berry for 
her fortune, he married the Duchess of Brittany, 
widow of the late King. Whether it were well 
or ill done God alone knows. The good 
Duchess of Berry livedo in holiness all her days, 
and it hath been said that after her death God 


worked miracles for her sake. The King on 
his accession thought * fit to expose all the royal 
offices to sale that did not relate to judicature, 
whereby he obtained a large sum of money; for 
he was terribly afraid of oppressing his people by 
taxes and subsidies. What he had always most 
at heart was, the recovery of his Duchy of 
Milan, which belonged to him in right of the 
Lady Yalentina his grandmother, and was with- 
held at that time by the Lord Ludovic Sforza, as 
it had previously been by his father. But they 
of the House of Orleans, by reason of the long 
wars carried on in France against the EngUsh, as 
well as of the broils that sprung up on occasion of 
the murder of the Dukes of Orleans and Bur^ 
gundy, had never been able to contend for their 
right. He now found himself ii^ a condition to 
dispute the point with his enemy* He made his 
entry at Lyons on the tenth day of July, 14©8, 
then caused his army to pass on into the County of 
Asti, under the conduct of the Lord Jean Jacques 
de Trivulce, and of the Lord of Aubigny, who 
were both wise and valiant Knights* On first 
entering they took and sacked two small places 
palled Anon, and La Rocca. Thence they drew 
off to Alexandria, and besieged them within who 


were for Ludovic Sforza, and who defended them- 
selves Tery well; but at -length the place was 
taken. They of Pavia> learning this, submitted to 
the King of France. Sforza, seeing himself in 
these straits, thus deserted of his subjects, aban- 
doned Milan, and retired into Germany, to Maxi- 
milian, King of the Romans, who received him 
joyfidly; they two having been at all times in 
strict league together. Immediately upon his de- 
parture the inhabitants of Milan surrendered to 
the French; news whereof reaching the King 
of France, he used all diligence to go and make 
his public entry there. 

A few days after, by means of money and pro- 
misesy the French got possession of the Casde, he 
who had it to keep for Ludovic Sforza playing 
him a base and wicked trick : for by it his master 
had always hoped to regain the Duchy. When 
the other places heard that the Castle of Milan 
had surrendered, they lost all hope, and submitted 
to the King of France. In like manner did they 
of Genoa, to whom he sent the Lord of Ravestain, 
a near relation of his own on his mother's side, as 
Governor. On the 4th of October, in the same 
year, the Queen of France lay in of a fair girl, 
named Claude. The King abode not long in the 



Duchy of Milan^ but, leaving the government 
of it to«the Lord Jean Jacques, the Castle in 
keeping of the Lord of Espy, and La Rocchetta 
in that of a Scottish Gentleman, near of kin to the 
Lord of Aubigny, he returned to Lyons. This 
benefit he conferred on the Dutchy before his 
departure that he lessened the tributes and imposi- 
tions one third ; for which all the people praised 
him marvellously, and he quite gained the hearts of 
some. The King made no long sojourn atLyons, 
but, proceeding, farther in his Kingdom, came to 
Orleans, where he settled a dispute between the 
Dukes of Gueldres and of JuUers, and made them 



How, after the conquest of the Duchy of Milan, the ^ood 
Knight remained in Italy; and how he held a tourney in 
the town ofCarignan, in Piedmont, whereat he gained the 

On the return of the King of France from 
Italy in joy and gladness at having conquered his 
Duchy of M ilan^ and made his enemy, Ludovic 
Sforza, fly into Germany, to crave the aid of 
Maximilian, King of the Romans, the garrisons 
of the French were left behind in Lombardy 
taking their pleasure, holding jousts, tourneys, 
and other entertainments. The good Knight, 
who in his childhood had been bred up in the 
House of Savoy, went to visit a worthy Lady, 
formerly married to his first master, Duke Charles. 
The Lady's name was Blanch; she resided in 
Piedmont, at a town belonging to her own dowry 
called Carignan. Being fraught with all courtesy 
she gave him a joyful welcome, and treated him 
as though he had been a kinsman of her own. 


Now you must undetstand that there was no 
house of Prince or Princess, in Italy, France, or 
elsewhere, in which Gentlemen were better* enter- 
tained, or more diversion afforded them, than in 
this. Of the household was a very worthy Dame, 
who had possessed great influence over the 
Duchess in her youth, and did so still, named 
Madame de Fluxas; her husband was also there, 
an hpnest Gentleman, under whom the whole 
house was managed. I must tell you that when 
the good Knight was given as page to Duke 
Charles of Savoy, this Madame de Fluxas was a 
young Lady of the household, attendant upon the 
Duchess ; and thus, as people at their time of 
life are usually fond of associating together, they 
formed such a mutual attachment, consistently 
with honour, that, might tbey have followed their 
mere inclinations, with little regard to conse- 
quences, they would have straightway taken each 
other in marriage. But you have already heard 
how Duke Charles sent to Lyons to see the King 
of France, and gave him the good Knight for his 
page, through which the young lovers lost sight 
of each other for a long time. The expedition to 
Naples intervened, with many other occurrences. 


for the space of four years, ere they had any in- 
tercourse with each other except by letters. 

During this time the Lady married the Lord 
of Fluxas, one possessed of much wealth, and who 
took her for her personal graces ; as of the goods 
of fortune she had very few. But desiring, as a 
virtuous woman might, to let the good Knight see 
that the honourable love she had borne him in for- 
mer years still lasted, on his arrival at Carignan 
she showed him all the kindness and courtesy 
which a Gentleman could possibly receive, and 
talked much about their youth, and many other 
matters. This noble Dame of Fluxas, who, in 
the adornments of beauty, as well as of a sweet 
and gracious manner of speaking, yielded to no 
woman in the world, eulogized the good Knight 
in her discourse most highly. She reminded him 
of his success in arms when he made his first 
attempt against Messire Claude de V^uldr^, of the 
tourney that he won at Ayre in Picardy, and of the 
honour that he gained in the battle of Fomova, 
the fame whereof was spread throughout France 
and Italy. In brief, she extolled and blazoned 
him to such a degree that the poor Gentleman 
blushed for shame. Quoth she to him : " My 


Lord of Bayard^ my friend, this is the House in 
which you were first brought up ; and it were a 
most unseemly thing if you made not yourself 
known here, as you have done elsewhere." The 
good Knight replied : *^ Madam, you are aware 
that, from your youth I have loved, prized, and 
honoured you, and I hold you so wise and well 
taught that you wish ill to no one, and to me least 
of all people. Be kind enough to tell me what 
it is you would have me do, to please her Lady- 
ship my good mistress, yourself above all^'^^nd 
the rest of the fair and worthy company here 
assembled." The Dame of Fluxas then said : 
" It appears to me, my Lord of Bayard, (but let 
me not be troublesome to you,) that you would do 
well to hold a tourney in this town, for the honour 
of my Lady, who will take it in exceeding good 
part. You have hereabouts many French Gen- 
tlemen of your own company, and others of the 
country, who will take delight in being present at 
it, I am very certain." " Truly," said the good 
Knight, " since you wish it, the thing shall be 
done. You are the first Lady in the world who 
ever gained my heart to her service, by her 
charms. I am sure that I shall never have any 
thing of you but your lips and hands, for, by 


seeking more, I should only lose my labour : and 
on my soul, I had rather die than press you with 
a dishonourable suit. I do pray that you will 
give me. one of your sleeves, for I have need 
of it" The Lady, not knowing what he wanted 
with it, deUvered it to him, and he put it into the 
sleeve of his doublet, without explaining himself 

Supper w^s now ready, at which every one 
made good cheer, and then the dances began, all 
acquitting themselves to the best of their abilities^ 
The Lady Blanch talked with the good Knight 
about his bringing up, till midnight, when it 
became time to retire. The latter however closed 
not his eyes the whole night, as you may imagine^ 
but lay meditating on what he had to do, and settled 
it all in his own mind. In the morning he sent a 
trumpet to the towns round about, where there 
were garrisons, to inform the Gentlemen, that, if 
they would repair, within four days after that 
Sunday, to the town of Carignan, arrayed in 
armour of war, he should bestow a prize, consist- 
ing of his Lady's sleeve, with a ruby worth an 
hundred ducats appended thereto, upon him who 
should perform the best at three strokes of the 
lance, without lists, and twelve of the sword. The 


trumpeter did his devoir, and brought back a 
written answer from fifteen Gentlemen, who pro- 
mised to attend. This came to be known by the 
Lady Blanch, who was right glad of it, and had 
her scaffold erected on the place where the 
courses and the combat were to be enacted. On 
the day fixed, about an hour after noon, the good 
Knight entered the ranks, armed at all points, 
with three or four of his comrades, as the Lord of 
Bouvent, the Lord of Mondragon,- and others ; 
but they had not been there long before all the 
rest, who intended to run, presented themselves. 
First began the good Knight, and against him 
came the Lord of Rouastre, a gallant Gentleman, 
bearing the ensign of Duke Philibert of Savoy; 
he was an expert and daring Knight, and made a 
brave thrust with his lance, which shivered it into 
three or four splinters. But the good Knight 
dealt him so resolute a blow on the top of his 
great bu£^ that, piercing it right through, he un- 
cased him, and made his spear fly into five or six 
pieces. The Lord of Rouastre resumed his, and 
ran the second course, in which he performed very 
well, and broke his lance as potently as the first 
time, or more so. But the good Knight smote 
him within the visor, knocked off his crest, and 

VOL. f, G 


made him stagger : howbeit he was not unhorsed. 
At the thurd bout the Lord of Rouastre crossed ; 
the good Knight's lance flew into shivers. After 
them came Mondragon and the Lord of Cheuron, 
who performed their courses to the admiration of 
every . one. Two others followed them ; and 
finally they all did themselves much credit^ and 
gave satisfaction to the company. 

The spears being made an end of^ it grew 
time that the swords should come into play: 
but the good Knight had no sooner struck two 
blows than he broke his own, and caused his 
adversary's to fly out of his hand. Then came 
they on one after another^ and acquitted themselves 
after such a fashion that their performance could 
not have been exceeded^ and ere all was over it 
waxed very late. The Lady Blanch invited the 
Gentlemen, by the Lord of Fluxas, to sup at the 
Castle, which none of them decHned, and you may 
be sure they were handsomely treated, as was the 
&shion of that place. After supper the hautboy 
players and minstrels sounded their instruments^ 
when, before the dancing commenced, the prize 
must be given to him who had, iii reason, deserved 
it. The Lords of Grandmont and of Fluxas, who 
were the judges questioned all present, as weH 


Gentlemen and Ladies, as the combatants them- 
selves, and it was their unanimous opinion that 
the good Knight had gained the prize by the law 
of arms. Accordingly the judges came to present 
it to him ; but he, blushing with shame, refused 
it, saying that this honour was attributed to him 
wrongfully. and without cause : but that if he had 
done any thing well the Lady of Fluxas was the 
occasion of it, she having lent him her sleeve, and 
that he referred it to her to bestow the prize 
where she thought fit. The Lord of Fluxas, who 
was not ignorant of the hbnourable character of 
the good Knight, conceived no jealousy of him, 
and went straight to his wife, with the Lord of 
Grandmont, saying : " Madam, my Lord of 
Bayard, to whom the prize of the tourney hath 
been awarded, declares, in presence of your hus- 
band, that it is you who have won it, on account 
of your sleeve which you have given him ; there- 
fore he sends it you to dispose of it as you like." 
She, who was admirably versed in the arts of 
politeness, appeared nothing confused, but thank- 
ing the good Knight very humbly for the honour 
he did her, spoke these words : " Since my Lord 
of Bayard is good enough to say that my sleeve 
hath made him gain the prize, I will keep it all my 

G 2 


life for his sake. But with regard to the ruby, since 
he will not accept it, as the most worthy combatant, 
I am of. opinion that it should be given to my Lord 
of Mondragon, who is thought to have done the 
best after him.", What she ordained was executed, 
no one murmuring at it. The Lady Blanch 
felt much satisfaction in having bred up such a 
personage as the good Knight, whom every one 
spoke highly of. The prize being given, dancing 
commenced, and lasted till past midnight, when all 
separated. The French Gentlemen remained 
five or six days longer at Carignan in the midst of 
sports and festivities, passing their time most agree- 
ably, and then returned to their garrisons. The 
good Knight also took leave of the Dutchess, his 
worthy mistress, telling her, that there was no 
Prince or Princess in the world, after his Sovereign, 
to whose service he was more devoted than to 
hers : for which she thanked him kindly. Then 
he proceeded to say farewell to his first love the 
Dame of Fluxas, who could not part from him 
without shedding tears, and he on his side was 
greatly moved. This honourable affection lasted 
between them till death, and no year passed that 
they did not send presents to each other. For a 
whole month nothing was talked of at the Gastle, 


and in the town of Carignan, but the prowess, 
honour, gentleness and courtesy of the good 
Knight. And he was as much set by in the former 
place as if he had been the heir of it. During 
his stay there he found Pisou de Chenas serving 
in some office, he that had been head groom to his 
ma§ter, Duke Charles of Savoy, and from whom 
he had once received civilities, which he was then 
desirous of requiting. After having taken him to 
his lodging, and entertained him well, he gave 
him a horse worth fifty crowns, for which the 
good man thanked him from the bottom of his 
heart. He asked what had become of the equerry 
that had charge of him when he was one of the 
household. Pisou de Chenas replied, that he 
dwelt at Montcallier, whither he had retired on 
marrying, and was grown very gouty. The good 
Knight, not ungrateful for his kindness to him in 
times past, sent him a very good and handsome 
mule by the same Pisou : and by so doing he 
clearly showed that he had not forgotten the 
benefits conferred on him in his earlier years. 



Hcyw the Lord Ludovic Sforza returned from Germany ivith 
a good number of LansquenetSy and retook the town of 
Milan from the French, 

You have heard how the Lord Ludovic retired 
mto Germany to the Emg of the Romans ; now 
it must be understood that he went not thither 
unprovided with money, of which he had great 
need for the enterprize he was meditating; as 
appeared by proof, for, a little while after he had 
beea driven away, he returned into Lombardy 
with a good number of German forces, both 
cavalry and infantry, along with some Swiss, and 
some Burgundian gendarms. 

On the 3d of January, by means of private 
intelligence, he retook the town of Milan, and 
drove the French out: however the Castle remained 
still in the King's power. Following the example 
of this place several towns in the Dutchy revolted: 
among others, all those on the way to Genoa, as 
Tortona, Voghiera, and divers Castles. When 


the King of France heard of the troubles m his 
Dutchy, like a valiant and vigorous Prince, he 
mustered a great army to send thither, at the head 
of which he put the Lord of Ligny, and the Lord 
Jean Jacques, who assembled their army in the 
Astesan^ and began to march* I must now give 
you some account of what occui^ed to the good 
Knight without fear and without reproach during 
the time that Sforza was within Milan, and a little 
while after he took it. He had remained, by his 
master's permission, in Italy, when the King 
returned to France, being addicted to arms above 
all things else in the world, and imagining that, 
ere he had remained long there, the Lord Ludo- 
vie, who was gone to seek succours in Ger- 
mimy, would return with forces, and consequently 
that some fighting would ensue; for not much 
had taken place on the first conquest of the 
Dutchy. He was in garrison twenty miles from 
Milan, with other young Gentlemen, who were 
makmg marveUous fine courses against one ano- 
ther continually. 

One day the good Knight was informed that, 
within Binasco, there were three hundred horse, 
whom it would be very easy to defeat : so he be- 
sought his conurades that they would be pleased 


to. go and pay them a visit in his company. 
Being greatly beloved by all he easily carried his 
point: so they got ready betimes in the morning, 
and went, to the number of forty or fifty men, 
to try if they could do any good service. The 
Captain who commanded within Binasco, was a 
very worthy Knight, wise, and experienced in war, 
named Messer Giovanni Bernardino Cazache* 
Having good spies, he received intelligence that 
the French were on their way to come and attack 
him. Unwilling to be caught unprepared, he put 
himself in a posture of defence, and drew out his 
men two bow-shots from the gates. So he pro- 
ceeded to reconnoitre the enemy, the sight of 
whom gave him great satisfaction ; as he was of 
opinion from their small number, that they could 
work him no dishonour. They began to approach 
one another crying, " France^ France;^ " Moor^ 
Moor;' and great and perilous was tjie shock: 
for both parties were dismounted, and had much 
difficulty in getting upon their horses again. 
Whoever had seen the good Knight doing martial 
deeds, cutting off heads, and hewing arms and 
legs, would have sooner taken him for a furious 
lion than for an amorous young Gentleman. 
Briefly, this conflict lasted an hour, and victory was 


still undecided; which greatly disturbed the good 
Knight^ and he said to his comrades : '^ Gentle- 
men, shall these few hold us at work all day ? If 
they within came to know of it, not one of us would 
escape. Let us instantly take heart, and beat 
them off the field." The words of the good 
Knight mspired valour into his companions/and, 
shouting ** France^ France T with one accord, 
they made a sharp and terrible assault upon the 
Lombards ; who began to lose ground, and to re- 
coil before them, defending themselves very well. 
They continued to retreat for about four or five 
miles toward Milan, till, seeing themselves very 
near it, they turned their horses' heads, and 
galloped at fiiU speed to the town. 

The French followed so fast that they were 
hard upon them; then one of the eldest, who was 
well acquainted with war, cried, " Turn, man at 
arms, turn." Which every one obeyed but the 
good Knight, who, quite heated, continued to 
chase and pursue his enemies. So that he entered 
Milan amid them in the confusion, and pursued 
them as far as the Palace, where the Lord 
Ludovic had taken up his abode. As he bore the 
white crosses every one cried, " Take him, Take 
him;^ he was surrounded on all sides and made 


prisoner by Cazc^cke^ who led him to his own 
house^ and had him disarmed. . Finding him 
a very young Grendeman, not more than two or 
three and twenty years old» he was astonished 
that at such an age he could be possessed of the 
prowess he had witnessed in him. The Lord 
Ludovic, who had heard the uproar, inquired the 
occasion of it : some that were acquainted with the 
affidr, related it to him, and how the Lord Gio- 
vanni Bernardino, while at Binasco, had been 
attacked by the French> who had at length driven 
him into Milan, and that amongst them in the 
chase a Frenchman had entered, a marvellously 
bold and valiant Gentleman, and extremely young. 
Then he ordered them to go and conduct him into 
his presence, which was immediately done. 



Hem the Lord Ludomc wanted to see the good Knight with- 
out Jear and without reproach; and how, after having 
talked with him, he sent him back, and earned his horse and 
his arms to be restored to him. 

They went straight to the house of the Lord 
Giovanni Bernardino, to seek his prisoner, and 
carry him to Ludovic Sforza, who had sent for 
him. The Captain was afraid lest that Lord in his 
fury should o&r him some affront ; therefore, being 
a courteous and benevolent personage, he chose 
to conduct the good Knight himself, after having 
clothed him in his own apparel, and put him into 
the plight of a Grentleman. Then he presented 
him to the Lord Ludovic, who marvelled, when 
he saw him so young, that he should have gained 
such high applause. However he accosted him, 
saying: " Come hither, my Gentleman, who 
brought you into this town ?" The good Knight, 
not in the least daunted, made answer : ^^ Faith, 
my Lord, I thought not to enter alone, and sup- 


posed that my companions were following me, 
but they understood war better than I: — had they 
so done they would have been taken prisoners as 
well as myself. Howbeit, with the exception of 
this mishap, I commend my fortune, which hath 
caused me to fall into the hands of so good a master 
as he that hath me in keeping ; for he is a very 
wise and valiant Knight." 

Then the Lord Ludovic asked him upon his 
honour how numerous the army of the King of 
France was. " On my soul, my Lord," replied he, 
" it consists of fourteen or fifteen hundred gen- 
darms, and sixteen or eighteen thousand foot. 
But they are all chosen men, who have resolved 
to labour hard till they have secured the State of 
Milan to the King their master. And it appears 
to me, my Lord, that you would be as safe in 


Germany as here; for your people are not fit to 
war with us." The good Knight spake so boldly 

ft .... 

that the Lord Ludovic was quite pleased, notwith- 
standing that what he had said was enough to 
startle him. But, to show that he cared Uttle for 
the return of the French, he said, as it were jest- 
ingly : " On my honour, my Gentleman, I have a 
great desire to see the King of France his army and 
mine encounter one another, in order that it may 


be ascertained in battle to whom this territory of 
right belongeth ; tl^ere seems to me no other way 
of settUng the affair/* 

" By my oath, my Lord," said the good Knight, 
" I would it were to-morrow, provided that I was 
out of prison." " Truly, it shall not stick there," 
replied the Lord Ludovic, " for I set you free 
immediately ; and moreover, ask what you will of 
me, and it shall be granted." The good Knight 
thanked the Lord Ludovic on his knees for the 
offers he had made him, as was due, and said : 
" My Lord, I ask nothing of you ; except that if 
you will extend your courtesy so far as to cause 
my horse, and my arms, which I have brought 
hither, to be restored to me, and will send me to my 
garrison, which is twenty miles hence, you will do 
me a very great favour, and one for which I shall feel 
myself obliged to you all my life : and, as far as is 
compatible with the service of the King my master, 
and my own honour, I shall be very willing to 
make acknowledgment in any thing that you may 
be pleased to command." " In goo^d faith," said 
the Lord Ludovic, " your request shall be com- 
plied with directly." So he said to Messer Gio- 
vanni Bernardino : *^ Captain, let them instantly 
find him his horse, arms, and all his accoutre- 


ments." " My Lord," said the Captain, " it is 
easy to find them; they are all at my house.'* 
Upon that he sent two or three servants thither 
immediately, to fetch his horse, and his arms, and 
the Lord Ludovic made him arm in his presence. 
When he was equipped he mounted his horse, 
without putting foot into the stirrup. Then he 
asked for a lance, which was given him, and raising 
his visor, he said : " My Lord, I thank you for 
your courtesy : the Lord requite you!" He was 
in a handsome and spacious court; so he put 
spurs to his horse, which took four or five most 
spirited leaps ; then he coursed him a little, and, 
in so doing, broke his lance against the ground 
into five or six pieces, at which the Lord Ludovic 
was not over deUghted, and said aloud : " If all 
the French gendarms were like this one, I should 
be at a fearful pass." Nevertheless he gave him 
a trumpet to conduct him to his garrison : but he 
went not so far ; for the French army was now 
^only ten or twelve miles from Milan, fully informed 
of the capture of the good Knight, and of the 
daringness he had displayed ; though his conduct 
savoured somewhat of his youth. When he 
arrived at the camp, his good master, the Lord of 
Ligny, went to meet him, and s^id, laughing : 


" Ah 1 Picquet! who hath released you from prison^ 
eh? Have you paid your ransom? In truth I 
purposed sending one of my trumpets to discharge 
it and bring you back." " My Lord," said the 
good Knight, " I thank you very humbly for your 
kind intention : the Lord Ludovic, of his great 
courtesy, hath set me free." So he related to 
them every particular of his being taken, and of 
his deliverance. All his companions came to see 
him, and welcomed him heartily. The Lord Jean 
Jacques asked whether he thought there were 
any hopes, from the look and discourse of the 
Lord Ludovic, that he would give battle ; to which 
the good Knight replied : " My Lord, he let me 
not so far into his counsels ; but, to all appearance, 
he is a man that may not be easily daunted : you 
wiU see what will happen in a few days. For my 
own part, I cannot complain of him, so well and 
honourably hath he behaved toward me. Most 
of his people are in Novara, and he hath resolved 
upon sending for them to Milan, or joining them 




Haw the Lord Ludacic retired into Naoara, suspecting 
that the French wotdd enter Milan hy the Castle, and how 
he was taken. 

When the Lord Ludovic knew that the anny 
of the King of France was so near Milan^ and 
considered that the Castle was not in his hands^ 
he doubted 'that he should be surprized within 
the town; so he stole away by night with the 
forces that he had in Milan^ except a few which 
he left there with his brother, the Cardinal Asca- 
nio, and went to see his army at Novara ; whither, 
when the matter became known in the French 
camp, the King's Lieutenant, with the Lord of la 
Trimouille, who had arrived there a few days 
before, resolved to go and attack him. The 
Lord Ludovic had numerous forces, but of very 
different nations, as Burgundians, Germans, and 
Swiss, and on this account not very easy to govern. 
For, however it came to pass, in a few days this 
town of Novara surrendered into the hands of the 


King of France his Lieutenants. And, because a 
report ran that the Lord Ludovic was not in the 
town, and that he had retired for a second time 
into Germany, it was ordained that the infantry 
should all pass under the pike; which they did: 
and amongst them was recognised this poor Lord 
Ludovic, who submitted to the Lord of Ligny, 
when he found there was no help for it. I cannot 
tell how it happened, but he had been terribly ill 
served. This took place on the Friday before 
Palm Sunday, in the year 1500. The rest of his 
army came off clear. I believe that they did re- 
ceive some pay ; for it was* said that the Swiss, 
whom the Lord Ludovic had with him, mutinied 
for want of pay: but since, I have heard the con- 
trary, and that they were corrupted by the Bailiff 
of Dijon, who had great credit with them. More- 
over the number of Swiss in the French army was 
greater than of those within Novara, and they 
declined fighting against one another. I have 
seen that happen many times in France, and occa- 
sion much mischid*. 

However it came about, the Lord Ludovic 
remained a prisoner, and was conducted forthwith 
to Lyons, then to the Liz St. George, and, lastly, 
to the Castle of Loches, in which he ended his 

VOL. I. H 



days. It was a great pity, for he had been a 
f^^mous Prmce in his life, but fortune looked 
unkindly on him at the latter end of it. The 
Cardinal Ascanio, his brother, who had remained 
in Milan, when he heard of this mischance, sent 
his two nephews, children of the Lord Ludovic, 
for safety into Germany, to the King of the 
Romans. For his own particular, he fled, well 
and numerously accompanied, namely, by four or 
five hundred horse, to Bologna ; but was taken 
prisoner on the road by a Venetian Captain, called 
Sonzino di Gonzagua ; who afterwards delivered, 
him into the hands of the French ; but he gave 
not up his personal goods and baggage, which 
were estimated at two hundred thousand ducats. 
When they of the Dutchy of Milan, who had re- 
volted on the return of Ludovic Sforza, knew that 
he had been taken, it was not long ere they turned 
round again to the French, as they were terribly 
afraid of being sacked and plundered. But they 
met with nothing but mildness and friendship 
from them ; having to do with a good Prince and 
virtuous Captains. 



How the Lord of lAgny went to visit Voghiera, Tortona, 
and other places in the Dutchy ofMiUuiy whkh the King 
had given him : and of a handsome action which the 
good Knight did. 

The reader must understand that^ when the 
King of France made his first conquest of the 
Dutchy of M ilan^ he wished to recompense his 
good servants by giving them lands and Lordships 
in the same : in particular to the Count of Ligny 
he gave Tortona, Voghiera, and some other 
places ; the inhabitants whereof-^ revolted on the 
retinrn of the Lord Ludovic, which greatly toubled 
the Lord of Lagny. So he resolved to go and 
visit them, taking along with him his Lieutenant, 
the worthy Captain Louys d'Ars, the good Knight 
without fear and without reproach, who at that 
time bore his standard, and many other Gentle- 
men. He came to Alessandria, and gave out that 
he should deUver up Tortona and Voghiera to be 
pillaged ; though he was of too good a disposition 
to intend any such thing. When his subjects 





heard of his coming, and of the report which went 
about of their destruction, they were quite thun- 
derstruck, and not without reason. They held 
counsel together that they would send a deputation 
to their Lord, in the humblest ^uise possible, to 
implore his clemency ; which they did ; and twenty 
of the most considerable inhabitants went two 
miles from Voghiera to make their excuses to him. 
But though they were brought before the Lord 
of Ligny, and he knew them well enough, yet he 
made as if he saw them not, and passed on through 
the town to the lodging that had been taken for 

The poor people who had gone to meet him 
were much confounded at so uncomfortable a re- 
ception. They retired into their town as quietly 
as possible, and sought means of speaking with 
the Captain Louys d'Ars, that he might appoint 
a time for them to appear before their Lord: 
which he promised to effect if possible ; for there 
never lived a better natured man. Accordingly 
he assigned them the next day. Meanwhile he 
went to expostidate with the Lord of Ligny, beg- 
ging that he would be graciously pleased to give 
them a hearing: which was granted to his request: 
and on the morrow, after dinner, fifty of the most 

•• > 


considerable townsmen came to his lodging, and 
threw themselves on their knees before him, bare- 
headed, crying out " Mercy''' Then one among 
them, a very eloquent man, began to utter these, or 
similar words